中学历史网 » 考试加油的句子 » 关于考试的句子,祝贺考试成功的句子,鼓励考试的句子,英语考试作文万能句子

关于考试的句子,祝贺考试成功的句子,鼓励考试的句子,英语考试作文万能句子

发布时间:2014-10-05 来源:中学历史网

第一篇:关于考试的句子

句子翻译 1. Remember you may be taken to court for not doing so, and you may be fined if you cannot prove to the court that you have been excused from wearing it. 记住你如果不这么做的话,你有可能被告上法庭,而且你有可能被处以罚款除非你能证明你有不那样做的 理由。

2. Strong love between parents and children is universal and this is no exception in the American family Coexisting with such love in the American family are cultural values of self – reliance and independence. 父母和子女之间普遍都有挚爱,美国家庭也毫不例外。只不过在美国家庭之中,还融合了自主、独立的文 化价值观念。

3. Matsuzawa’s findings show that thinking can prevent the brain from shrinking. Blood must circulate properly in the head to supply the fresh oxygen the brain cells need. 松泽的调查结果表明, 思考可以防止大脑萎缩。

血液必须被适量地送到头部以便给脑细胞提供新鲜的氧气。

4. A recent survey found that more than half of all British companies include PR as part of their corporate (公司 的) planning activities, compared to about one-third of U.S. companies. It may not be long before London replaces New York as the capital of PR. 最近一项调查发现,半数以上的英国公司把公关作为它们公司策划活动的一部分,相比之下,美国只有约三 分之一的公司这样做。也许不久的将来,伦敦就会作为公关者的中心而取代纽约。

5. But you must know that different nations have different ways of looking at things, and you will therefore not be offended if our ideas of this kind of education happen not to be the same as yours. 但是你们也要明白不同的民族看待事物有不同的方法,所以如果我们的看法碰巧与你们的不一样的话,你 们也不应觉的被冒犯了。

6. In societies where social roles are rigidly determined, boys pattern their play after the activities of the ir fathers and girls after the tasks of their mothers. This is true because boys and girls are being prepar ed, even in play, to step into the roles and responsibilities of the adult world. 在社会角色严格规定的社会里,男孩子做他们父亲做的事,女孩子们则做她们母亲干得活。这是真的,因 为男孩和女孩一直都是被教育要谨记成人世界的角色和承担成人社会的责任,即使是在他们玩的时候。

7. There can be no doubt that division of labor, provided that it is not taken too far, is an efficient wa y of organizing work. Fewer people can make more pins. 毫无疑问,如果不深究的话,劳动力的分工是一种有组织的高效的方法。人数少却能制造更多的针。

8. In what now seems like the prehistoric times of computer history, the earth’s post-war era, there was a quite widespread concern that computers would take over the world from man one day. 目前似乎是计算机历史的史前时代,也是地球的战后时代,在这个时代,人们普遍担忧将来有一天计算机 会取代人类控制世界。

9. The difficulty is predicting how electromagnetic fields might affect an aircraft’s computers. Experts kn ow that portable device emit radiation which affects those wavelengths which aircraft use for navigation and communication. 预测电磁场如何影响飞机上的计算机很困难。专家知道该便携式设备会发出辐射从而影响飞机用来导航和 通信所使用的波段。

10. For most people the sea was remote, and with the exception of early intercontinental travelers or oth ers who earned a living from the sea, there was little reason to ask many questions about it, let alone t o ask what lay beneath the surface. 除了一些洲际旅行者和以大海为生的人, 对于大多数人来说, 大海是遥远的, 没有什么必要提出太多问题, 更别说思考大海海底的东西了。

11. Astronomers believe that the expanding universe is the result of an enormous and powerful explosion called 1 the Big Bang.The Big Bang theory may explain how the universe formed. 天文学家认为膨胀的宇宙是一次巨大的、强劲的宇宙大爆炸的结果。宇宙大爆炸理论也许能解释宇宙是如 何形成的。

12. Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he attends gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree. 通常来讲,一名学生必须参加一定数量的课程学习才可以毕业,他上的每一门课都会得到学分,这些学分累 加起来,才能拿到学位。

13. We are concerned to develop the abilities of all our pupils to the full, not just their academic ability. We also value personal qualities and social skills, and we find that mixed-ability teaching contributes to all these aspects of learning. 我们所关心的是全面发展学生的各种能力,不仅仅是发展智力。我们同样重视个人品质和社交能力,我们发 现综合教学有利于学习中的各个方面。

14. Creative thinking involves posing oneself a problem and then originating or inventing a solution along new and unconventional lines. 创造性思维包括自己先提出问题,然后沿着新的,非常规的解决方向发明出一种方法。

15. The device is said to he the world’s first portable transistor—a hand-held microcomputer that—at the same time converts one spoken language into another. 据说,这个小设备是世界上第一台便携式翻译机——一台掌中微型电脑,可以同时将一种口语翻译成另外一 种口语。

16. People now think we should limit their use as fuel, otherwise the world's supply will soon run out. Consequently, much research is being done into the practical use of the sun for heating (and cooling) bu ildings. 如今人们认为我们应该限制石油的使用,否则不久世界石油供应就会耗尽。因此,对于实际使用太阳能给 建筑物增温(降温)的研究工作正在进行中。

17. One thing, however, is certain: your chances of getting the raise you feel you deserve are less if you don’t at least ask for it. Men tend to ask for more, and they get more, and this holds true with other resources, not just pay increases. 然而,有一件事情可以确定:如果你不去争取机会,那么你认为你应该得到的机会将会少的多。男性倾向 于提要求因此他们得到的也多,这条原则在其他方面也适用,不仅仅是加薪方面。

18. Continuing education gives these adults the opportunity to increase their knowledge about their own field or to learn about a new field. It also gives them a chance to improve their skills or to learn new ones. 继续教育给这些 成年人增加他们自己领域的知识的机会,也为他们了解一个新的领域增加了机会。此外继续教育也给了他 们提供了提高自己的技能或学习新技能的一个机会。

19. The reflected sunlight would allow these cities to save electricity. And in emergencies, such as power-failures or disasters, the mirrors could light up the affected area. 这些反射的太阳光可以节省城市的用电量。

如果遇到类似停电这样的紧急情况,这些镜子可以给受影响的地 区照明。

20. Except for lung cancer, mostly caused by cigarette smoking, the incidence rates are leveling off, and in the case of some kinds of cancer are decreasing. 除了主要由于抽烟引起的肺癌之外,癌症的发病率不但稳定下 来,而且有些还正在减少。

第一篇 在世界上什么是禁忌的? 文化习惯、文化差异、当地礼仪和风俗:即使你怀着良好的意愿,这些文化陷阱也可能让你的环球旅 游险象环生。从问候到饮食,稍不留神就会出差错,不仅让自己难堪,还有可能冒犯东道主。到国外时要 特别留心并尽量避免误入以下几种文化陷阱。 2 个人空间的概念因地而异。在地中海国家,如果你和别人交谈时没有碰对方的手臂,或见面问候时没 和对方亲吻拥抱,别人会认为你不热情。但在韩国,拍别人的背会让对方感觉不安,除非此人是你的家庭 成员或好友。在泰国,头是很神圣的部位——就算是小孩子的头也不要随便乱拍。

观察当地人的一举一动并照着做。记住,在东方国家,身体接触或在公众场合流露感情往往不被人接 受。在卡塔尔和沙特阿拉伯这样的地方,男女交往都被禁止,更不要说身体接触了。

有些文化认为当众擤鼻涕是让人厌恶的行为——尤其在餐桌上。日本人还排斥使用手帕。

到东方或亚洲国家旅游时,把手帕留在家中,选择用一次性纸巾吧!在法国以及一些东方国家,如果 在就餐过程中你需要擤鼻涕,要先说声―请原谅‖再去洗手间。最糟糕的情景是:极为夸张地从餐桌上扭过 头去擤鼻涕。还是祈祷自己不要感冒吧! 在一些国家,例如:中国、日本和一些非洲国家,吃饭就是吃饭,所以当其他人都在吃饭时,不要谈 论你当天的经历。

你可能会遭遇沉默——这并非你的同伴不友好, 而是因为就餐时间只应吃饭, 无需交谈。

也要避免在一些被认为是神圣或需要沉思的地方谈话——比如欧洲的教堂、泰国的庙宇和芬兰的桑拿浴 室。

到伦敦人家里参加宴会时脱掉鞋子,女主人会认为你不文明,但去亚洲、夏威夷或太平洋群岛的居民 家中不脱鞋却被认为失礼。脱掉鞋子不仅把沙粒与尘土留在了门外,更意味着把外面的世界抛之脑后。

如果你在门口看到一排鞋子,就解开自己的鞋带。否则,就穿鞋进去吧! 许多文化依然推崇传统的进食方式——用手吃。在这种情况下,食物往往是众人一起分享的,因此饭 前洗手很重要,而且要遵守用右手吃东西的习俗(左手往往有其他用途)。如果你用左手吃,同伴会感觉蒙 受羞辱。当大家一起从公共的碗里取食时,就吃离你最近的那部分吧,不要贪婪地把手伸向饭碗中央。

你是左撇子吗?还是努力让自己的双手都灵巧吧——在这些文化里,即使是左撇子的孩子也被教会用 右手吃饭——或者至少吃饭前向同伴解释一下。

一旦你踏上异国的土地,就要对当地人的一举一动高度敏感。千万不要大惊小怪,尽量使自己泰然自 若,对一些看似无礼的行为也不要恼火——比如插队。毕竟,我们生活在一个地球村,不同的文化构成了 我们共同的家园。 第四篇 科学家们可以预测来年的天气吗? 是否有可能让有效的气候预测超出几周、几个月,甚至一年吗?加州大学洛杉矶分校的大气科学家报告 他们现在已经开发出一项比以往更有效的长期气候预报系统——可提前预测 16 个月以后的气候,这几乎 是以往的科学家可预测的时间长度的两倍。

―与短期天气预报相比,长期的气候预报对于气候的预测更综合;他们不预测在特定的城市的精确温 度,但它们可能对农业、工业、经济有重大影响,‖ 海洋科学研究的资深作者,执教于加州大学洛杉矶分校 气候动力学系的迈克尔· 吉尔说。

关于这项研究可在《美国国家科学院院刊》在线阅读,且将在即将出版的杂志上刊登。

―某些气候特性是可预测的,尽管不能细化到温度和从现在开始两年后的这一天在洛杉矶是否会下雨‖ 吉尔说,他还是加州大学洛杉矶分校地球和行星物理学系的一员。―这些都是在更大的区域和时间跨度的平 均值。‖ 长期气候预测可在厄尔尼诺现象出现前一年多时得以预报。厄尔尼诺是一种气候模式其特征是赤道 水域变暖,它极大地扰乱了全球气候模式。在世界许多地方,厄尔尼诺多则每 2 年少则每 7 年之间就爆发一 次。

对于吉尔和他的美国国家科学院的同事们来说,最大的困难是如何区别自然气候变化和人类活动造成 了气候变化以及在制造气候模型时如何将自然气候变化考虑进去。

为了这项研究,吉尔和他的加州大学洛杉矶分校的迈克尔?谢克龙及大气和海洋科学系的德米特里?孔 德拉绍夫对全球海洋表面温度进行了分析。为了提高他们的预报能力,他们根据一个新的观点开发出了一 种测算短期天气和长期气候相互作用的新算法。天气覆盖几天而气候涵盖几个月或更长。 3 按照这个领域的惯例,吉尔和他的同事们对过去五十年的气候数据和试验预测进行了研究。例如,他们 使用了从 1950 年到 1970 年气候数据对 1971 年 1 月, 2 月或者更长一段时间进行 ―预测‖, 以弄清这种预测 的准确度。他们说与当时的科学家对 8 个月的预报转确率相比他们对 16 个月的预报准确率要高得多。

吉尔还领导着一个独立的, 为期三年的, 由欧洲委员会出资的名叫―极端事件:原因和结果‖的一个项目, 该项目设计 9 个国家的 17 个机构。在今年夏季出版的《地球物理学非线性过程》杂志刊登的一篇关于极 端事件的论文中,吉尔和同事们不仅论述了极端天气和气候还论述了如地震的极端事件,其他自然灾害, 甚至论述了极端的经济事件。这项研究包括了他们对极端事件对经济的影响的分析。

―令人惊讶的是, 当在经济扩张时发生灾难结果会更坏, 而在经济衰退期发生灾难会相对好一些‖吉尔 说。―如果你的屋顶在飓风发生时被吹掉,当很多人失业且工资很少时,找一个人修你的房顶就会很容易些。

这一发现印证了或有助于解释世界银行有关自然灾害影响的报告‖。

今年 7 月在温哥华每四年举办一次的有关工业与应用数学的国际大会上,吉尔谈到了气候敏感性的数 学理论问题。这次大会旨在展示前四年在这一领域的贡献。

第七篇 为何廉价零售如此蓬勃 在经历经济危机的创伤之后,西班牙很少有几家国内企业能够恢复兴旺发展,然而梅尔卡多纳除外。

过去十年中,西班牙最大的销售型超市在大部分时间呈两位数增长。1981 年,胡安.罗伊上任主席,任职 之初,梅尔卡多纳仅有 8 间店铺,并且全部都在巴伦西亚。而今,它有 1310 家连锁店,年销售额达到 165 亿欧元合 238 亿美金。西班牙的经济问题似乎反而让它变的更为强大。2009 年,经济效益下滑,但是在 2010 年完成了一些强有力的成本削减后,又激增了 47%。

梅尔卡多纳的优势在低价。家族式连锁不会在广告费用上造成任何浪费。它不遗余力地要求供应商做 自己的品牌的产品。而将近 100 家的供应商为了与这家公司长期合作,也为了得到长远的发展,不得不接 受梅尔卡多纳的要求。自 2009 年以来,梅尔卡多纳利用自有品牌削减了 22 亿欧元的成本,并且不时地做 些简单的调整,如减少包装成本等措施。

与供应商的无间合作促使革新。比如说,2010 年的时候,在一大罐金枪鱼罐头上使用塑料盖子可以使 之更容易开启,从而让这个产品的销售量增加了 60%。即便如此,梅尔卡多纳在技术或者后勤方面绝不偷 工减料。它是西班牙第一家使用条形码扫描器的零售店。

并且就在马德里附近,它有一个全自动化管 理的后勤仓库。机械臂把货物像叠俄罗斯方块一样垒起来。

梅尔卡多纳在很多方面都是独一无二的,哈佛大学的泽伊内普.托恩说道,他写了一个关于连锁的个案 研究。它有 63,500 名员工都是终身签约包括奖金,按规律时间上班并接受培训,而培训次数可比一般的美 国零售商的员工接受的培训要多 20 次。这使得他们生产效率更高:2008 年,平均每个梅尔卡多纳员工的 销售额比西班牙其他超市的销售额高出 18%。而员工流动率一年仅有 4%。员工们经常会收集购物者的反 馈,而他们,准确的说,是指老板们。

商店就被设计成让人们更快更便捷地购物。梅尔卡多纳的选择区比其他超市的要小,特别是 2009 年 以后, 因为梅尔卡多纳把 1000 种不受欢迎的产品下架了。

Deliplus 化妆品牌系列这样的自定商标货物占 像 销售额的 38%。特恩斯的一名市场调查员对 5200 户家庭进行调查,在最近的一次调查中,梅尔卡多纳的 产品根据经济价值位列第一。

但是这个超市依然有很多发展空间。梅尔卡多纳占西班牙超市面积达 13.1%,它达到了全国大型连锁 的第三名,仅次于法国家乐福和联合以罗斯基。明年,梅尔卡多纳计划进驻意大利或者法国市场,很可能 通过小型收购这个渠道。

罗伊先生对梅尔卡多纳经营模式在国外市场的简单套用表示不确定。我们必须从每个人身上学习所有 的东西,他这样说道。与西班牙大多数的老板不同,罗伊先生不会装腔作势。

今年年初,他谈及有关 2011 年对西班牙有好处的唯一一点是,会比 2012 更好。如果西班牙人民不去挑战改变西班牙,那么情况 会变的更糟,他说道,而他的意思是把它的臃肿的福利体系带入正轨。罗伊先生相信西班牙有极好的人力 资源。确实如此,但是西班牙的青年不在业率达令人惊讶的 45%,这表明大部分的资源都被浪费了。

广场抗议的人群控诉说,西班牙政府和普通人的生活有所隔膜。而这个失误则不是超市可以解决的。 4

第一篇:关于考试的句子

英语四级考试------翻译 英语四级考试------翻译 -----1. Female students constitute the majority of our class. .相比之下,他们班全由男生组成 相比之下, 相比之下 他们班全由男生组成) 【答案】By contrast, their class is made up of male students only.或 By contrast, only male students constitute their class. 【解析】本题的主要考点在于固定搭配。表达“相比”或“与……相对”之意可用词组 by contrast,而“组成”之意可使用前文提到的动词 constitute 也可使用词组 be made up of。

2.As our time was running out, we drove even faster (希望能够准时赶到机场 希望能够准时赶到机场). 希望能够准时赶到机场 【答案】in hopes that we could arrive at the airport on time 或 in hopes that we could reach the airport on time 又或 in hopes that we could make it to the airport on time 【解析】本题的主要考点在于固定搭配。通过分析前半句可知,“希望”并非句子的谓语,因 此不可直接使用动词 hope,而应使用固定搭配 in hopes that 意为“怀着……的希望”。“准时” 之意考查的是比较基础的词组 on time,此处应注意其与表达“即时”之意的 in time 相区别。而 “赶到”之意可用 arrive at 或 reach,也可用表达“成功地……”之意的固定搭配 make it to。

3.(这些问题连续不断地出现 这些问题连续不断地出现)suggests that our plan should be adjusted. 这些问题连续不断地出现 【答案】The fact that these problems are continually showing up 或 The continual appearance of these problems 【解析】本题的考点在于语法。通过分析句子结构可知,本句谓语为 suggest,所以需要翻 译的部分充当句子的主语, 故可以考虑使用从句或使用名词性词组。

需要注意的是使用从句 时应根据语法需要补出汉语中没有体现出的部分 the fact,使句子结构完整。

4.In his recently written autobiography, (他把自己的成功归功于父母的鼓励 他把自己的成功归功于父母的鼓励). 他把自己的成功归功于父母的鼓励 【答案】he owes his success to his parents? encouragement 或 He attributes his success to his parents?encouragement 【解析】本题考点在于固定搭配。“把……归功于”或“把……归因于”可使用词组 owe...to... 或 attribute...to...。本题另一个易错之处在于所有格的使用。以-s 结尾的复数名词所有格只需 加。

5.(我们现在必须唤醒人们认识到环保的重要性 我们现在必须唤醒人们认识到环保的重要性),or it would be too late. 我们现在必须唤醒人们认识到环保的重要性 【答案】We must awaken people to the importance of environment protection 【解析】本题主要的考点在于固定搭配。表达“唤醒……对……的注意或警惕”之意应使用动 词词组 awaken...to...。另一需要注意的地方时所有格的使用。本题中“环保的重要性”不可用 ?s 表示,而应使用 of 结构。

6.If he had known this would happen, (他当初也许会以不同方式行事 他当初也许会以不同方式行事). 他当初也许会以不同方式行事 【答案】he would have acted differently 或 He would have acted in a different way 【解析】本题主要考查语法,考点是虚拟语气。由句意提示可知,本句是 if 引导的虚拟句, 表示对过去情况的假设。由于前半句出现了 had 加动词的过去分词,后半句应使用 would 加 have done 的结构。 7.(只要你一直努力工作 只要你一直努力工作),you will recall your past with satisfaction. 只要你一直努力工作 【答案】As long as you keep working hard 或 As long as you work hard all the time 【解析】本题考点在于固定搭配。表达“只要……”之意可用词组 as long as...,而提示中出现 的“一直”则可使用动词词组 keep doing..., 意为“一直或持续做某事”,也可考虑用 all the time 来表示时间。

8.Every mother is proud of her child and (父亲也一样 父亲也一样). 父亲也一样 【答案】so is every father 【解析】本句主要考点为语法,考查倒装结构。当 so 表示“同样”或“也……”之意时,其后 的句子需要倒装。翻译本句时还要注意 every father 作主语时谓语应为单数形式。

9.No one knows exactly (信息高速路的发展将把我们带往何处 信息高速路的发展将把我们带往何处). 信息高速路的发展将把我们带往何处 【答案】where the development of the information highway will lead us 【解析】 本题的主要考点在语法, 考查考生对从句的掌握情况。

由提示可知, 从句应由 where 引导,且考生应特别注意从句不能为疑问句语序而应为陈述句语序。关于从句的时态选择, 根据中文提示可清楚判断为一般将来时。

10.(他刚到家 他刚到家)when it started raining. 他刚到家 【答案】Hardly had he arrived home 或 He had hardly arrived home 【解析】本题的考点在于固定搭配。句意为“他刚到家就开始下雨了。”由于后半句由 when 代起,前半句应出现 hardly,构成固定搭配 hardly...when...,且根据此固定搭配的使用要求, 前半句的时态应为过去完成时。本题由两种可能的答案,若以 hardly 开头,句子需要倒装, 以 he 开头则保持正常语序。

11.If I had remembered to close the window, (小偷就不会进来 小偷就不会进来). 小偷就不会进来 【答案】the thief would not have got in 【解析】本题考查考生对虚拟语气的掌握。句子由 if 引导,表示对过去情况的虚拟,从句 时态为过去完成时,主句应使用 would 加 have done 的结构。

12. I’ll never forget (第一次和你见面 第一次和你见面). 第一次和你见面 【答案】meeting you for the first time 【解析】本题主要考查核心动词词组。动词 forget 之后可加不定式或动名词构成动词词组, forget to do 意为“忘记做某事”, 其中 do 所表示的动作时没做或没发生的;而 forget doing 表示 “忘记做过某事”,doing 所反映的动作为做了或已经发生了的。本句表达的意思是“我从未忘 记第一次和你的见面。”很明显,“见面”为已经发生的事,故 meet 应以动名词的形式出现。

13.Mary rushed into the room, (抱着一个大纸箱 抱着一个大纸箱). 抱着一个大纸箱 【答案】holding a big paper box 【解析】本题的考点为语法,考查分词的使用。通过中文提示及分析句子结构可知,需要翻 译的部分并非句子的谓语和宾语而是表示伴随的状况。

应注意, 因为 room 之后出现了逗号, 本题不可用 with 结构而应使用分词。又因 Mary 是“抱着”的逻辑主语,应选动词 hold 的现 在分词形式 holding。 14.A minute ago the old lady (撕开信封 撕开信封)with great excitement. 撕开信封 【答案】tore the envelope open 【解析】本题的考点在于核心动词。表达“撕开”之意应选择动词 tear,tear 是规则动词,过去 式为 tore。本题另一个易错之处在于选择表示“开”的词。由句意可知,“开”指的是信封的状 态而不是对动词“撕”的修饰,故应用形容词。

15.My washing machine broke down this morning. (我打算明天把它送去修理 我打算明天把它送去修理). 我打算明天把它送去修理 【答案】I’ll have it fixed tomorrow.或 I’m going to have it fixed tomorrow. 【解析】本题的考点在于固定搭配。have...done 与 do sth 的区别在于前者意为“让别人做某 事”。本题需要表达让别人修理洗衣机,故应为 have it repaired。

16.The report said that the sample water had too much lead in it, (可能对我们的健康有害 可能对我们的健康有害). 可能对我们的健康有害 【答案】which might damage our health 【解析】本题的考点在于语法,主要考查对从句的使用。由于空格前出现了逗号,空格部分 应补出从句而而非一个完整的句子。由句意可知,逗号之前出现的 it 指的是 water,而对健 康有害的东西正是 water,故因翻译出一个以 it 为先行词的非限定性定语从句。

17.(信已经写完了 信已经写完了)by the time you come back. 信已经写完了 【答案】The letter will have been finished 【解析】本题的考点为语法,主要考查时态和语态。根据中文提示不难判断出需要翻译的部 分应使用被动语态,而后半句出现了 by the time you come back,表达的是将来的某个时间, 因此前半句的时态应为表示将来的时态,又因句意为“已经写完”,故应选择将来完成时。

18.(尽管不富裕 ,they feel quite satisfied with their standard of living condition. 尽管不富裕), 尽管不富裕 【答案】Although they are not rich 【解析】本题考点在于语法。“尽管”之意出现在句首,故最好选择用 although 表达。需要注 意的是空格部分应为从句, 需要根据语法要求补充出从句的主语 they, 这个部分在中文中没 有体现出来,所以是常见的出错点。

19.(我以前常去看电影 ,but I never get the time now. 我以前常去看电影), 我以前常去看电影 【答案】I used to go to the cinema a lot 【解析】本题的考点在于固定搭配。有几个看起来相似的词组是常考的考点,即 used to do, be used to do 和 be used to doing。used to do 意为“过去常常……”,be used to do 是被动语态 的体现,意为“被用于……”而 be used to doing 意思是“习惯……”。本题应选用 used to do 这 一固定搭配。另一需要注意的考点是“看电影”的说法,习惯上看电影并不直译为 see films 或 see movies 而用 go to the cinema 来表达。

20.The pictures make (孩子们理解文字更容易 孩子们理解文字更容易). 孩子们理解文字更容易 【答案】it easier for the children to understand the words 【解析】本题考点在于固定句型。It is...for sb to do...意为“对某人而言做某事是……的”,而 本题空格部分是整句的宾语从句,根据句型相应补入需要的词即可。 21.(既然你们明天才走 既然你们明天才走),we can have dinner together tonight. 既然你们明天才走 【答案】Since you are leaving tomorrow 或 Since you will leave tomorrow 【解析】本题的考点在于核心词的使用。表达“既然”之意应使用 since,此外还需注意,“既 然你们明天才走”描述的是事实而非假设的情况,因此无需使用虚拟语气。

22. In terms of experience, Mr. Green has the right stuff for the work, (但目前他的健康状况 但目前他的健康状况 不佳). 不佳 【答案】but his health is in poor condition now 或 but he is not in good health now 【解析】本题的考点在于固定搭配及核心词的使用。在表达健康状况时,中英文存在语言差 异,中文可以有“他的健康很好”这样的说法,而英文不可说 His health is good.故本题易错译 为 but his health is not good now 或 his health is poor now.正确的做法应使用固定搭配 in… condition,意为“处于……的状况或状态”或使用习惯说法 be in good health。

23.(地震的破坏非常严重 地震的破坏非常严重)that the city took decades to recover. 地震的破坏非常严重 【答案】 The destruction brought by the earthquake was so serious 或 So great was the destruction brought by the earthquake 【解析】本题的考点在于语法及固定搭配。联系中文提示及空格后出现的 that 不难看出,本 句需要用 so...that...表示“如此……以致于……”。本题有两种正确答案,若以 so 开头则句子 需要倒装,若以 the destruction 开头则保留正常语序。另外还需注意,“地震的破坏”不可翻 译为所有格,而应根据意思表达为“地震带来的破坏”。

24.The speaker, (以精彩的演讲而闻名 was warmly received by the audience. 以精彩的演讲而闻名), 以精彩的演讲而闻名 【答案】who is famous for his/her splendid speeches 或 known for his/her splendid speeches 【解析】本题的主要考点在于语法。通过分析句子结构可知,本句主语为 the speaker,谓语 部分为 was warmly received,需要翻译出的部分是对主语情况的补充说明。由此可看出,空 格部分可以是以句子主语为先行词的定语从句也可以是用分词来表示修饰的结构。

故本题有 两种可能性,可译为从句或分词结构。

25.By the time you get to Greenwich (你会看到伦敦最古老的部分 你会看到伦敦最古老的部分). 你会看到伦敦最古老的部分 【答案】you will have seen the most historic parts of London 【解析】本题的考点为语法,考查考生对时态的判断。By the time you get to Greenwich 表示 的是将来的时间,而根据中文提示可知,需要译出的部分应使用将来完成时,故谓语部分应 为 will have seen。

26. (那天已经不远了 那天已经不远了)modern communication becomes widespread in China?s countryside. 那天已经不远了 【答案】The day is not far away when 【解析】本题的考点在于语法,要求考生体现对从句的掌握。由句子结构可知,本句的主干 为 the day is not far away,而已经给出的英文部分是一个时间从句, 指的是句子的主语 the day, 因此空格部分应译为 The day is not far away when,考生应注意不能忽略了从句的引导词 when。

27. (我以前从没见过任何人 我以前从没见过任何人)who has the skill John has when it comes to repairing cars. 我以前从没见过任何人 【答案】Never before have I seen anyone 或 I have never seen anyone 【解析】本题的考点在于语法。完整的句子意思是“在修车方面我从未见过谁有约翰那样高 明的技术。”可见已经给出的英文部分是一个定语从句,其先行词为“任何人”。本题有两种 可能的答案,比较简单和直观的是正常语序的 I have never seen anyone。但也可将 never 置 于句首,后接一个倒装结构,即 Never before have I seen anyone。

28.The second book was (完成 完成)by this March, but two months later, the end was still 完成 nowhere in sight. 【答案】to have been completed 【解析】本题的考点在于语法。由句意可知,需要翻译的部分应使用过去将来时,但应为空 格前已经出现了 be 动词 was,所以“完成”之意不可能表达为 would be completed,只能考虑用 不定式表将来。联系句意,最好把“完成”译为完成时的被动语态,故答案为 to have been completed。

29.He set out again on his journey around the world, (尽管他的朋友们劝他不要去 尽管他的朋友们劝他不要去). 尽管他的朋友们劝他不要去 【答案】despite his friends attempt to persuade him not to 或 though his friend persuaded him not to 【解析】 本题的考点在于核心词。

表达“劝说”之意可用比较基础的动词词组 persuade...to do, 而“尽管”可以选择 though/although 或 despite。需要特别注意的是 though 或 although 引导从 句而 despite 后应加名词性结构。故本题可能有两种正确答案。

30.(学生不喜欢传统课堂的原因之一 that students are seldom allowed to express their 学生不喜欢传统课堂的原因之一)is 学生不喜欢传统课堂的原因之一 ideas in a traditional classroom. 【答案】 of the reasons why students don?t like the traditional class 或 One of the factors that One make the students dislike the traditional class 【解析】本题的考点在于语法。翻译时可考虑使用 make…do…这一方式表达“让某人做某 事”,当然也可根据中文提示使用表达原因的 reason,故本题同样可以有两种正确答案。

31.The supermarket sells various kinds of things, (从衣物食品到电脑游戏 从衣物食品到电脑游戏). 从衣物食品到电脑游戏 【答案】ranging from clothes and food to computer games 【解析】本题的考点在于固定搭配即及语法。见到“从……到……”,大多数考生会想到 from...to...。需要注意,from...to...可以表示时间和地点方面的范围,而根据句意,在表达经 营范围时,最好在前面加一个动词 range。又因需要翻译的部分并非句子的谓语,动词 range 应变为现在分词的形式。

32.The new type of machine has been put in service, (让我们年底完成工程成为可能 让我们年底完成工程成为可能). 让我们年底完成工程成为可能 【答案】making it possible for us to finish the project 【解析】本题的考点在于语法及固定句型。有句子结构可知,需要翻译的部分并非句子的谓 语部分,故“让”之意不能用动词原型 make 而应使用现在分词 making。此处还需使用固定句 型 It is…for… to do,意为“对某人而言做某事是……的”。

33. It is true that humans have an extraordinary genius for working wonders, but (污染仍是 污染仍是 当前及未来最严重的问题之一). 当前及未来最严重的问题之一 【答案】pollution still remains one of the most serious problems of the present and future 或 pollution is still one of the most serious problems of the present and future 【解析】本题的考点在于核心词的选择及使用。表达中文提示中“仍是”之意最好选择动词 remain,但选用 be 动词也能作出正确的翻译。另一个需要注意的考点在于“最严重”应使用 形容词的最高级来表示。

34. It is true that the world faces problems of pollution, but (这个问题可以通过全球的努力 这个问题可以通过全球的努力 这个问题可以通过全球的努 加以控制). 加以控制 【答案】it can be brought under control by effort on a global basis 【解析】本题主要考查核心词的使用。表达“控制”之意时中英文的习惯说法有差异,中文常 说“这个问题已被控制”而英文不可逐字译为 This problem has been controlled.而应使用习惯 说法 be under control。

35.(在任何一个存在种族歧视的社会里 there will always be tension. 在任何一个存在种族歧视的社会里), 在任何一个存在种族歧视的社会里 【答案】 any society where racial discrimination exists 或 In a society with racial discrimination In 【解析】本题的考点在于语法,主要考查从句知识。由句子结构及句意可知,需要翻译的部 分是整句的地点状语,而这个部分的中心词是“社会”,“任何一个存在种族歧视”是“社会”的 限定成分。本题可能出现两种正确答案,其一为使用以 society 为先行词的定语从句,其二 为使用 with 表示伴随的状况。

36.Some people say that in the next 30 years the population of Antarctica will grow steadily, (印度也同样 印度也同样). 印度也同样 【答案】so will the population of India 【解析】本题的靠点在于语法,主要考查倒装结构。以 so 开头表达“也……”或“同样……” 的句子需要倒装,故应译为 so will the population of India。另一个易错之处在于“印度”,由 于动词 grow 的逻辑主语是 population 而非 India,翻译时中文的“印度”应译为“印度的人口”。

37. Someday, perhaps, (科学家能够准确地预报地震 科学家能够准确地预报地震). 科学家能够准确地预报地震 【答案】scientists will be able to exactly predict the occurrence of earthquakes 【解析】本题的考点在于语法及英文习惯表达。由于中英文的语言差异,本题不可逐字翻译 为 scientists will be able to predict earthquake,而应根据句意补充出“出现”或“发生”这个意思。

38.(整夜他清醒地躺在床上 整夜他清醒地躺在床上)worrying about his financial problems. 整夜他清醒地躺在床上 【答案】All night long he lay awake 【解析】本题的考点在于核心词的选择及使用。表达“清醒”之意应使用形容词 awake,需要 特别注意的是在英文中“清醒”并非修饰“躺”的副词。而“整夜”之意可用固定表达 all night long 来表示。

39.It is widely accepted that (社会的整个结构都依赖于相互信任 社会的整个结构都依赖于相互信任). 社会的整个结构都依赖于相互信任 【答案】the whole structure of our society depends on mutual trust 【解析】本题的考点在于语法及固定搭配。很明显,需要翻译的部分是 accept 的宾语从句, 而“依赖于”可使用词组 depend on。

应注意, “社会的整个结构”不可用's 表示所有格而应使用 of 结构。 40. By six thirty every morning, (操场上满是晨练的学生 操场上满是晨练的学生). 操场上满是晨练的学生 【答案】the playground has been full of students doing morning exercises 或 the playground has been full of students who are doing morning exercises 【解析】本题的考点在于语法,主要考查时态选择、从句或分词的使用。由时间状语 by six thirty every morning 可知,本句应使用完成时态。而“晨练的学生”可用两种方法翻译,一为 以“学生”为先行词的定语从句,其二为使用动词的现在分词。

41.For some reason, she was not well prepared for the test. But (她是个诚实的女孩 她是个诚实的女孩),she 她是个诚实的女孩 would not cheat on an exam. 【答案】being an honest girl 或 as an honest girl 【解析】本题的考点是语法,主要考查非谓语成分。不难看出,带有空格的句子主语为 she, 谓语部分是 would not cheat。需要翻译的部分不作谓语,故应考虑非谓语形式,可用动词的 现在分词,也可用 as 表示“作为……”之意。

42.(无论你怎样看他 无论你怎样看他),there is no reason to suspect him of doing this deliberately. 无论你怎样看他 【答案】No matter how you think of him 【解析】本题的考点在于核心词的选择及使用。由于中英两种语言的差异,本题不可逐字翻 译,特别是此处中文的“看”不能译为 see,而应根据英文的表达习惯调整为 think。另一容易 错译之处在于语序,从句中不可用疑问句语序 no matter how do you think of him,而应改为 陈述句语序。

43.You have neglected your work for too long and (你不可能在一周内赶上来 你不可能在一周内赶上来). 你不可能在一周内赶上来 【答案】it is impossible for you to catch up on it in a week 【解析】本题考点在于固定句型,考查 it is...for...to do 这一句型,根据意思填入需要的词即 可。

44.(位于伦敦西北 位于伦敦西北),Oxford University is noted far and wide for its academic excellence. 位于伦敦西北 【答案】Located to the northwest of London 【解析】本题的考点为语法,考查分词的使用。通过对句子的结构进行分析可知,本句的主 语为 Oxford University, 谓语部分是 is noted, 可见需要翻译的部分中“位于”并非句子的谓语, 应使用分词形式。

45.This medical research (目的在于找出治疗遗传性血液病的新方法 目的在于找出治疗遗传性血液病的新方法)because the drugs now 目的在于找出治疗遗传性血液病的新方法 in use cannot cure these complicated diseases. 【答案】is aimed at finding new treatment for inherited blood diseases 或 is with the purpose of finding new treatment for inherited blood diseases 【解析】本题的主要考点在于核心词的选择及使用。表示目的可以考虑 aim 或 purpose,但 这两个词的用法不相同:若使用 aim 可用固定搭配 be aimed at,而因为 purpose 是名词,使 用时应表达为 with the purpose of...。

46.(当被问及对这次试题的感觉 nearly all students in this class said it was too difficult. 当被问及对这次试题的感觉), 当被问及对这次试题的感觉 【答案】When they were asked how they liked this test 或 Asked how they liked this test 【解析】本题的考点在于语法。通过分析句意及句子结构可知,需要翻译的部分可采用从句 或分词结构来完成。选用从句应注意,从句应用被动语态且时态应与主句一致;用分词结构 则应根据句意选择表示被动的过去分词 asked。

47.During her school days, (她经常学习到很晚 她经常学习到很晚)because she wanted to be qualified for the 她经常学习到很晚 scholarship. 【答案】she often stayed up late studying 或 She used to stay up late studying 【解析】本题的考点在于语法及固定搭配。语法主要考查分词的使用,固定搭配则体现在词 组 stay up 的使用。应注意,“学习”并不充当谓语,因此应使用现在分词形式。

48. A mature man is one (善于把失败转化为成功 善于把失败转化为成功). 善于把失败转化为成功 【答案】who is good at turning failure into success 【解析】本题主要考查从句知识及固定搭配。很明显,需要译出的部分是以 one 为先行词的 定语从句, 而“善于”之意可用 be good at 表达。既然 at 是介词,turn 应相应变为动名词形式。

49.The little girl was alert to every sound in the house (因为她被那部恐怖电影吓倒了 因为她被那部恐怖电影吓倒了). 因为她被那部恐怖电影吓倒了 【答案】because she had been frightened by that horror film 【解析】 本题的考点是语法, 主要考查对时态的选择。

已给出的英文部分时态为一般过去时, 而通过句意可知,需要译出的部分中“被吓倒”因发生在前半句描述的情况之前,所以应选择 过去完成时。过去完成时的被动语态结构应为 had been done,因此译为 because she had been frightened by that horror film。

50.Some construction workers (偶然发现一些古币 偶然发现一些古币)that were made in the 9th century. 偶然发现一些古币 【答案】happened to find some ancient coins 或 chanced upon some ancient coins 【解析】 本题的主要考点在于固定搭配。

表达“偶然”之意可用 happen to do, 也可考虑 chance upon,故本题有两种可能的答案。 翻译题目必背句型 1.All that is needed is a continuous supply of the basic necessities of life. 2.After being interviewed for the job, you will be required to take a language test. 3.Nuclear science should be developed to benefit the people rather than harm them. 4.They usually have less money at the end of the month than they have at the beginning. 5.Helen was much kinder to her youngest child than she was to the others, which, of course, made the others jealous. 6.No matter how frequently performed, the works of Beethoven always attract large audiences. 7.Only under special circumstances are freshmen permitted to take make-up tests. 8.The pressure to compete causes Americans to be energetic, but it also puts them under a constant emotional strain. 9.Your hair wants cutting,. You’d better have it done tomorrow. 10.Other things being equal, a man who expresses himself effectively is sure to succeed more rapidly than a man whose command of language is poor. 11.Homework done on time will lead to better grades. 12.Had it not been for my illness I would have lent him a helping hand. 13.Realizing that he hadn’t enough money and not wanting to borrow from his father, he decided to sell his watch. 14.The fifth generation computers, with artificial intelligence, are being developed and perfected now. 15.Published as it was at such a time, his work attracted much attention. 16.I have kept that portrait where I can see it every day, as it always reminds me of my university days in London. 17.Believing the earth to be flat, many feared that Columbus would fall off the edge of the earth. 18.As might be expected, the response to the question was very mixed. 19.After the Arab states won independence, great emphasis was laid on expanding education, with girls as well as boys being encouraged to go to school. 20.You see the lightning the instant it happens, but you hear the thunder later. 21.Great as Newton was, many of his ideas have been challenged today and are being modified by the work of scientists of our time. 22.If only the committee would approve the regulations and put them into effect as soon as possible. 23.Living in the central Australian desert has its problems, of which obtaining water is not the least. 24.All things considered, the planned trip will have to be called off. 25.A survey was carried out on the death rate of new-born babies in that region, the results of which were surprising. 26.The girl’s being educated in an atmosphere of simple living was what her parents wished for. 27.All flights having been canceled because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do nothing but take the train. 28.While orbiting the sun, the satellite has sent more than four billion bits of information back to earth. 29.The computer has brought about surprising technological changes in the way we organize and produce information. 30.The house was very quiet, isolated as it was on the side of a mountain. 31.I don’t mind your delaying making the decision as long as it is not too late. 32.Corn originated in the New World and thus was not known in Europe until Columbus found it being cultivated in Cuba. 33.We agreed to accept whoever they thought was the best tourist guide. 34.Having been judged the best in a recent science competition, the three students were awarded scholarships totaling $21,000. 35.I’d rather have a room of my own, however small it is, than share a room with someone else. 36.Whatever difficulties we may come across, we’ll help one another to overcome them. 37.Once the fourth biggest city in the United States, St. Louis has now become the 24th largest city. 38.The mother didn’t know who to blame for the broken glass. 39.In fact,Peter would rather have left for San Francisco than stayed in New York 40.Although a teenager,Fred could resist being told what to do and what not to do. 41.But for the help of their group, we would not have succeeded in the investigation. 42.They always give the vacant seats to whoever comes first. 43.Professor Wang, known for his informative lectures, was warmly received by his students. 44.It is high time that such practices were ended. 四级常考固定搭配 1、break down 2、break into 3、break off 4、break out 5、bring about 6、bring forward 7、bring to 8、bring up 9、call at 10、call for 11、call off 12、call on/upon 13、carry on 14、carry out 15、come across 16、come on 17、come out 18、come through 损坏;瓦解;(组织、计划等彻底毁坏) 闯入;强行进入 中止;中断 逃出;突然发生,爆发 导致;引起 提出;提议 使恢复知觉 教育,培养,使成长 访问,拜访 邀请;要求,需要 放弃,取消 =drive up 访问,拜访;号召,呼吁 继续下去,坚持下去;从事,经营 贯彻(理论等),执行(计划等);实现(目标等) (偶然)发现;(偶然)碰见;偶遇 开始;进展;上演;来吧,快点 出版;结果是(to be);出现,长出 经历,脱险 19、come to 20、come up 21、cut across 22、cut down(on) 23、cut off 24、drop by/in 25、fall back on 26、fall behind 27、fall in with 28、get across 29、get along/with 30、get at 31、get away 32、get by 33、get down to 34、get in 35、get out of 36、get rid of 37、get through 38、get together 39、give away 40、give back 41、give in 42、give up 43、give way to 44、go after 45、go around/round 46、go by 47、go in for 48、go into 49、go over 50、go through 51、hand in 52、hand out 53、hold back 54、hold on 55、keep on 56、keep up with 57、lay aside 58、lay off 59、lay out 60、let alone 61、let down 62、live on 总计,达到;苏醒,复原 发生;走近,上来 抄近路,走捷径 削减,降低 阻断;切断,使隔绝 顺便来访(无意的) 求助于,转而依靠 落后 碰见;符合,与......一致 解释清楚,使人了解 有进展;生活得,过得 够得着,触及;意思是,理解 离开,走开,逃脱 混过;通过,经过 开始,着手(此处 to 为介词) 进入;收回,收获 逃避;改掉 除去,摆脱 接通电话;度过(时间等);结束,完成 集合,聚集 泄露,分送 送还;恢复 交上;投降,屈服 停止,放弃 给...让路,对...让步(含屈服的意思) 追求,求爱 足够分配;流传 (时间等)过去;遵守,遵循 从事,追求,致力于,沉迷于 研究,调查,进入 复习,重温;(重复)检查,审查 经历,经受(困难等) 交上,递交 散发,(平均)分发,发给 阻止,抑制 继续,不挂断,握住不放 保持,继续不断 向...看齐,跟上 把...搁置在一边;储蓄 休息;(临时)解雇 布置,安排;设计,制定 不干涉;更不用说 放下,降低;使失望 (动物)以...为食;(人)靠...生活 63、look after 照顾,照料;注意,关心 64、look back 回头看;回顾,记忆 65、look down on/upon 看不起,轻视 66、look forward to 盼望,期待 67、look into 调查,观察 68、look out 留神,注意 69、look through 仔细查看;浏览,温习 70、make out 辨认出;理解 71、make up 组成,构成;捏造,编造;化妆,补充 72、pay back 偿还,回报 73、pay off 还清(债);取得成功 74、pick out 选出;拣出 75、pick up 拾起;(车)中途搭(人) 76、pull in (车)停下,进站;(船)到岸 77、pull off 脱(帽、衣等) 78、pull on 穿(帽、衣等) 79、put across/over 解释清楚,说明 80、put aside 储存,保留 81、put down 记下,放下;镇压,评定 82、put forward 提出 83、put off 推迟 84、put on 上演;(体重)增加;穿上,戴上 85、put out 熄灭;关(灯);生产;伸出;出版;公布,发布 86、put up 建造,搭起;张贴;提(价);提供食宿 87、run down 追捕;贬低;(逐渐)减少;(逐渐)变弱;撞倒,撞沉 88、run out(of) 用完,耗尽 89、run through 游览;贯穿,普遍存在于 90、see off 给...送行 91、see to 注意,负责,照料;修理 92、set about 开始,着手 93、set down 记下,记入,放下,卸下 94、set off 动身,出发;引起,使发生 95、set up 创立,建立,树立;资助 96、show off 卖弄,炫耀 97、stand by 支持;袖手旁观;做好准备 98、stand for 代表,意味着;支持;是...的缩写 99、take after (在外貌、性格等方面)与(父、母)相像 100、take...for 把...认为是,把...看成为 101、take off 起飞;脱下;匆匆离开 102、take over 接收,接管;借用,承袭 103、take to 对...产生好感;开始喜欢;开始从事 104、take up 开始从事;占去,占据 105、turn down 拒绝;关小,调低 106、turn out 结果是,(最后)证明是,制造,生产,关掉 107、turn over 108、turn to 109、turn up 110、wait for 111、wait on 112、watch out(for) 113、wear out 114、wonder at 115、work at 116、work out 117、worry about 118、write down 119、write off 120、yield to 英语四级考试翻译题技巧 仔细考虑 变成;求助于,借助于 开大,调大;出现,来到 等候 服侍,侍候 密切注意,提防 穿破;磨损;(使)耗尽 对...感到惊讶 从事于,致力于 算出;想出,制定出,解决 (使)担心,(使)发愁 写下, 把...描写成 注销,勾销,取消 屈服,服从 翻译的实践性决定了一个事实, 即要做好翻译, 必须加强这方面的训练, 因为大家都明白“熟 能生巧”的道理。同时,掌握一定的翻译技巧和方法也是必需的。好的方法不但可以帮助我 们解决一些翻译难题,保证我们译文的质量,而且大大地省去了动笔前绞尽脑汁地探求“最 佳译法”的过程,为考试节约了宝贵的时间。根据四级考试新题型的特点和要求,我们有针 对性地总结了一些对应试有所帮助的翻译技巧和方法,以供大家参考。

1. 词语层次 对单句翻译,主要体现在词语层次方面的翻译,常见的理论有:词语选择法、词义引申 法、词义褒贬法、正反译法、词类转换法、增译法、省略法等。

(1) 词语选择法 由于汉语和英语的表达习惯和词语搭配的不同,同一个汉语词语与不同的词语搭配时, 英文译文会用到不同的词语来表达。

因此, 必须根据词汇的搭配关系和句子中充当的成分来 确定译文所选词语。

(2) 词义引申法 在翻译过程中, 有时会遇到一些无法找到对等英语词汇的情况, 这就需要根据其基本词 义进行引申。

(3) 词义褒贬法 由于在汉语的表达中褒贬意义通常很明显, 而英语词汇中很多词都是中性的, 其褒贬含 义有时不是很明显,因此在翻译时,要尽量选择能表现褒贬色彩的词语。

(4) 正反译法 由于语言习惯的不同, 汉英两种语言在正说与发说方面也常常不同。

英语中有些从正面 说,汉语则从反面来解释;而对那些从反面说的句子,汉语则可以从正面来解释。

(5) 词类转换法 由于英汉两种语言的结构和表达方式不同, 很多情况下, 找不到意思对等而且词性相同 的词语或短语,这时就必须根据英语的语言表达习惯,对词类进行转换。

(6) 增译法 在翻译时, 有时为了使所翻译的译文更符合英语的表达习惯而增加一些必要的词语。

指 根据英汉两种语言不同的思维方式、语言习惯和表达方式,在翻译时增添一些词、短句或句 子, 以便更准确地表达出原文所包含的意义。

这种方式多半用在汉译英里。

汉语无主句较多, 而英语句子一般都要有主语,所以在翻译汉语无主句的时候,除了少数可用英语无主句、被 动语态或“There be…”结构来翻译以外,一般都要根据语境补出主语,使句子完整。英汉两 种语言在名词、代词、连词、介词和冠词的使用方法上也存在很大差别。英语中代词使用频 率较高, 凡说到人的器官和归某人所有的或与某人有关的事物时, 必须在前面加上物主代词。

因此,在汉译英时需要增补物主代词,而在英译汉时又需要根据情况适当地删减。英语词与 词、 词组与词组以及句子与句子的逻辑关系一般用连词来表示, 而汉语则往往通过上下文和 语序来表示这种关系。因此,在汉译英时常常需要增补连词。英语句子离不开介词和冠词。

另外, 在汉译英时还要注意增补一些原文中暗含而没有明言的词语和一些概括性、 注释性的 词语,以确保译文意思的完整。总之,通过增译,一是保证译文语法结构的完整,二是保证 译文意思的明确。

(7) 省译法 汉语中为了讲究句子的平衡、气势、韵调,常常使用排比、对仗、重复等修辞手段。因 此汉语句子中, 一些词或词组重复使用的现象和结构类似、 含义相同的几个词组连用的现象 是相当普遍的。因此在翻译时,原文中含义重复的词语往往只译出其中的一个。这是与增译 法相对应的一种翻译方法,即删去不符合目标语思维习惯、语言习惯和表达方式的词,以避 免译文累赘。

2. 语句层次 对单句的翻译有时还涉及到了语句层次上的技巧,其中包括:

(1) 拆句法和合并法 这是两种相对应的翻译方法。

拆句法是把一个长而复杂的句子拆译成若干个较短、 较简 单的句子,通常用于英译汉;合并法是把若干个短句合并成一个长句,一般用于汉译英。汉 语强调意合,结构较松散,因此简单句较多;英语强调形合,结构较严密,因此长句较多。

所以汉译英时要根据需要注意利用连词、分词、介词、不定式、定语从句、独立结构等把汉 语短句连成长句;而英译汉时又常常要在原句的关系代词、关系副词、主谓连接处、并列或 转折连接处、后续成分与主体的连接处,以及意群结束处将长句切断,译成汉语分句。这样 就可以基本保留英语语序,顺译全句,顺应现代汉语长短句相替、单复句相间的句法修辞原 则。

(2) 倒置法 汉语中,定语修饰语和状语修饰语往往位于被修饰语之前;在英语中,许多修饰语常常 位于被修饰语之后,因此翻译时往往要把原文的语序颠倒过来。倒置法通常用于英译汉, 即 对英语长句按照汉语的习惯表达法进行前后调换, 按意群或进行全部倒置, 原则是使汉语译 句安排符合现代汉语论理叙事的一般逻辑顺序。有时倒置法也用于汉译英。

(3) 成分转译法 英汉两种语言,由于表达方式不尽相同,在具体英译汉时,有时往往需要转换一下句子 成分,才能使译达到逻辑正确、通顺流畅、重点突出等目的。句子成分转译作为翻译的一种 技巧,其内容和形式都比较丰富,运用范围也相当广泛:主语可以变成状语、定语、宾语、 表语;谓语可以变成主语、定语、表语;定语可以变成状语、主语;宾语可以变成主语等等。

第一篇:关于考试的句子

2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 1 1. If you can win the game today, _______________ to go on a holiday next month. (allow) 如果今天你赢了这场比赛,下个月就允许你去度假。

2. Fully _______________ the accuracy of the data, they stuck to their opinion. (convince) 深信数据准确无误,他们坚持自己的意见。

3. _______________ can also help improve your oral English. (listen) 多听也有助于你提高英语口语水平。

4. If I _______________ alcohol last night, I could have driven my car home. (drink) 如果我昨晚没有喝酒,我就能自己开车回家了。

5. After graduating from university, he _______________ in Wuhan, but he chose to teach in a school of a mountain village. (work) 大学毕业后,他本可以在武 汉工作,但他选择了在一所山村学校教书。

6. The student _______________ is looking forward to going abroad for further study. (refer) 所提到的那个学生渴望去国外进修。

7. She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction _______________of more than three hundred years. (have) 她带领游客在博 物馆四处参观,其建设已有 300 多年的历史。

8. If you are unhappy with anything you have bought from us, we will gladly exchange your purchase, or give your money back, ______________________________ . (prefer) 若您对从我们这买到的任何商品不满意,我们将乐意为您更换或退款,您愿 意哪种都行。

9. ______________________________ is that the H7N9 spreads more easily to people than similar viruses. (worry) 令专家们担忧的是 H7N9 比其他同 类病毒更容易传播给人。

9. So loudly_______________ that even the people in the next room could hear him. (speak) 他说话的声音很大,连隔壁屋子里的人都听得见。

10. It was at 8:02 on April 20, 2013 in Ya’an_______________ a strong earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale. (suffer) 就在 2013 年 4 月 20 日早晨 8:02 雅安人民遭到 7 级地震灾害。

11. According to statistics, a man is _______________to die of skin cancer as a woman. (likely) 根据一项调查,男性死于皮肤癌的可能性是女性的两倍。

12. _______________ and you will be admitted into a key university. (work) 好好学习,你会被重点大学录取的。

13. Lower educational levels make it difficult for women_______________ . (find) 较低的教育水平使女性很难找到工作。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTNCES 2 1. By the time she comes here tomorrow, we_______________ . (leave) 她明天来到这里之前,我们已经离开了。

2. Criticism can even negatively influence one’s life if not_______________ properly. (cope) 如果不能正确应对,批评甚至会对人的一生产生负面影响。

3. Don’t be too hard on yourself. _______________ what you have is the key to happiness. (content) 不要对自己太苛刻,满足于你所拥有的是幸福的关键。

4. If _______________ I would meet such a big trouble, I might not live here now. (know) 如果我早知道我会遇到这么大的麻烦,我可能现在就不会住在这里了(know)。

5. Such sort of mistakes _______________ if you had checked your paper word by word. (avoid) 如果你逐字检查你的试卷,这种错误本来是可以避免的。

6. Have you got ready for the coming job interview _______________ by KFC next week? (give) 你为下周 KFC 举行的求职面试作好了准备吗? 7. _______________ the party, you might as well turn up to show your respect to the host. (feel) 不论你对那个聚会感到多么不情愿,你最好还是露个面以示你对主人的尊重。

8. _______________was that the factory has very strict rules. (impress) 给我印象最深的是这家工厂有非常严格的规定。

9. Mark is always diligent in his studies because he firmly believes that hard work _______________. (fundamental) 马克是勤奋学习,因为他坚信努力 是成功的基础。

10. We climbed up the mountain ridge _______________ views of the valley below. (fantastic) 我们爬上了山脊,从那看到了下面山谷奇妙的景色。

11. So _______________ by the magician that he held his breath. (fascinate) 男孩如此为魔术师着迷以至于屏住了呼吸。

12. It is not how much we do but how much love we put into what we do_______________ our work most. (benefit) 让我们的工作最受益 的不是我们做多少,而是我们有多么热爱自己所做的事。

13. After the new equipment was introduced, our company produced _______________ in 2012 as the year before. (twice) 在新的设备引进后, 我们 公司在 2012 年生产了和前年数量相比两倍的机器。

14. _______________ until you feel that everything sounds right and you are comfortable with speaking. (over) 反复读, 一直读到你觉得一切听起来 都是完全适合的,你就会有舒适的发言。

15. When she heard her mother’s steps on the stairs, she pretended _______________ her composition. (write) 听到妈妈上楼梯的脚步声,她假装在写作文。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 3 1. All students in rural Chinese primary and junior middle schools _______________ a free Xinhua Dictionary. (provide) 所有中国农村的中小学生都将被 免费提供一本新华字典。

2. With so many audience _______________ in the live show, the program “I am a singer” enjoys great popularity. (lose) 在现场很多观众沉浸在音乐中 “我是歌手”节目很受欢迎。

3. It has been confirmed by scientific experiment _______________ in childhood helps to protect you against serious illness in later life. (eat) 科学实验已证实:孩提时代多吃蔬菜能够帮助你抵御日后的严重疾病。

4. We would have called a taxi yesterday if Harold_______________ a ride home. (offer) 昨天如果哈罗德不搭载我们回家,我们就得打的回家了。

5. Mrs. Bathurst _______________ to leave New Zealand by the hope of marriage or alternatively by loneliness. ( persuade) Mrs. Bathurst 很可能巳经被说服离开新西兰,要么是想结婚,要么是因为太寂 寞。

6. The stone bridge _______________ will make a much greater difference to the life of the people in the earthquake stricken area. (rebuild) 正在重修中的石桥将为地震灾区的人们生活带来极大的便利。

7. The thought _______________ the whole continent was very exciting. (cross) 他们可以横穿整个大陆的想法很是令人兴奋。

8. _______________,he always tried to avoid me, pretending not to have seen me at all. (approach) 不管什么时候我接近他,他总试图躲避,假装根本就 没看见我。

9. _______________was just how often people were using their mobile phones.” Dr Daniel Kruger, the study’s co-author, said. (find) 丹尼尔克鲁格博士是本次研究的共同作者,他说:

“我们发现有趣的是人们如 此频繁地使用手机” 。

10. So _______________ the woman’s being her mother that I wanted no evidence to establish the fact in my mind. (convince) 我深信不疑这位妇女是她 母亲,以致我不想找任何证据来证明这一点。

11. I don’t think _______________ her to show off wealth everywhere. (wise) 她到处炫富,我认为这不明智。

12. The earthquake that happened in Ya’an Sichuan in April is reported _______________ the death of nearly 200 people. (result) 据报道,上四 月发生四川雅安地震已导致接近两百人丧生。

13. It is known to all that it is the hardships not the fun _______________ in a person. (bring) 众所周知,是困难而不是享乐能够使一个人最好的品 质显露出来。

14. _______________ as men has been proved by a study. (word) 女性用的词汇是男性的两倍,这已经得到了一个研究的证实。

15. Calm down for a while, _______________ the complicated problems very soon. (simplify) 冷静片刻你就会化繁为简了。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 4 1. By the time housewives returned fully loaded from Wal-Mart, they _______________ all the year-end bonus. (run) 当主妇们从沃尔玛满载 而归时,她们已经用完了所有的年终奖金。

2. With a government health warning _______________ cigarette packets, smokers have to think twice when they are to light a cigarette. (attach) 烟盒上附着政府的健康警告,抽烟者在他们即将点燃一支烟时不得不三思。

3. If you do that, you will be on your way _______________ the next Steve Jobs or Bill Gates. (become) 如果你能那样做,你就即将会成为下一个史蒂夫乔布斯或者比尔盖茨。

4. Had local leaders had enough vision and showed respect for cultural heritage, many more sites of historical interest _______________ now. (stand) 如果当地的领导有足够的远见并且尊重文化遗产,更多的历史古迹至今仍会 存在。

5. _______________ some major faults in the machine, we had no choice but to redesign it. (exist) 机器存在一些大故障,我们不得不重新设计。

6. He was conscious of the fact _______________ what he was doing. (approve) 他意识到她不赞成他正在做的事。

7. Charles _______________ then as I met him in the supermarket five minutes ago. (clean) 查理那时不可能在清理房间,因为我五分钟前才在超市碰到他。

8. I have the opportunity to develop close friendship with him, _______________. (value) 我有机会与他建立密切的友谊,对此我将永远珍惜。

9. As a policeman I find_______________ , drugs are always behind it. (violence) 作为一名警察我发现,哪里有暴力,后面总是有毒品。

10. During a conversation, _______________ is not what we say, but how we say it. (matter) 在交谈中,最重要的不是我们说什么,而是我们怎么说。

11. Only by balancing our diet _______________ our body functioning well. (keep) 只有通过均衡我们的饮食,我们才能保持身体正常运行。

12. It was _______________ home that she remembered the appointment with her doctor. (arrive) 直到她回到家才想起了和医生的预约。

13. A person with a severe mental health problem is _______________ to have no close friends than the average. (likely) 有着严重心理疾病的人找不到知 心朋友的可能性是普通人的四倍。

14. It _______________ that I had left the door unlocked. (occur) 我突然想起来忘了锁门了。

15. The old wooden armchair looks rather unusual in shape, but it is very comfortable ___________________ . (sit) 这把木质旧椅子形状看上 去有些奇怪,但坐上去却很舒服。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 5 1. Unfortunately he didn’t win this year. It was the second time that _________________ but gone home empty-handed. (nominate) 可惜他今年 没得奖。这是他第二次被提名但是空手而回了。

2. _________________ for years, the house designed by an Italian architect finally collapsed. (ignore) 由于多年来的忽视, 这个意大利建筑师设计的房子 最终崩塌了。

3. With_________________ , his family continues to support him in every way. (come) 他的梦想实现了,但他的家庭继续在各个方面支持他. 4. A celebrity is a person who works hard all his life to become well known, then wears dark glasses to avoid_________________ . (recognize) 明星努 力工作只为出名,然后又戴着墨镜以免被人认出。

5. Kobe Bryant was hurt attempting a game-tying jumper on the baseline;

otherwise, he_________________ the match. (participate) 科比因跳跃抢球落地不 稳而受伤,不然,他就参加比赛了。

6. The audience _________________ their musical performance, or they would have spoken highly of it. (miss) 这些观众一定错过了他们的音乐演出, 要不 然他们会高度赞扬这个演出的。

7. This is the most instructive film _________________ since I could remember. (see) 这是我懂事以来看过的最有教育意义的电影了。

8. I had hardly got to the office _________________ to go back home at once. (phone) 我一到达办公室,我的妻子就给我打电话要我立即回家。

9. It is reported _________________ has been discovered by the scientist. (come) 据报道,病毒在哪里起源已经被科学家发现。

10. Only by presenting facts and reasoning things out_________________ . (convince) 只有通过摆事实讲道理才能让我们服气。

11. It was not until I came here_________________ this place was famous for not only its beauty but also its weather. (come) 是直到我来到这儿,我才意识到这个地方不仅以美丽闻名,而且以天气闻名。

12. We rushed to the football court, _________________ a sign on which “was written “Periodic Maintenance”. (see) 我们冲进足球场,结果只看见球场上 一块牌子上写着“定期维修” 。

13. You can buy the handbag online with one third _________________ the market price. (than) 你可以在网上买这款手袋,价钱比市场价少三分之一。

14. Having decided to study abroad, I still have no idea _________________. (decide) 尽管已经决定要出国留学,我不知道应该选哪个专业。

15. _________________ diet and exercise, we know what to do, but we don ’t do what we know. (come) 当提到饮食和运动的时候,我们知道怎么去做,但是我们不会按照我们知道 的去做。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 6 1. They _________________ for almost one week before I joined them, and now we are still working on it as no good results have, come out so far. (carry) 在我加入前,他们一直执行这个计划有一个学期了。我们现在仍然在继续进 行,因为到目 前为止还没有好的结果产生。

2. Fairly_________________ , James was struggling to grab the edge of the boat. (terrify) 詹姆斯非常害怕被冲走,他正奋力地抓着船舷。

3. China recently tightened its waters controls near the Huangyan Island to prevent Chinese fishing boats _________________ in the South China Sea. (attack) 最近中国加紧了对黄岩岛水域的控制,以阻止在南海的中国渔船被攻击。

4. Luckily a large company agreed to sponsor us, without which our work _________________.(stop) 幸亏—家大公司同意赞,否则我们的工作就会停止了。

5. Tom decided that anybody who stole his phone_________________ as to use it right in front of him. (foolish) 汤姆觉得不管是谁偷了他的手机都不会愚 蠢到在他的面前使用它。

6. Modern science has given clear evidence _________________ many diseases. (give) 现代科技已经给出明确证据:抽烟能导致许多疾病。

7. Never again _________________ in the fast food restaurant where poisonous oil is used. (eat) 我再也不到那家快餐店吃东西了,那里用有毒的油。

8. The murderer was brought in, with _________________ behind his back. (tie) 这个凶手被带了进来,双手绑在背后。

9. You can’t find Anna on the playground, for she _________________ the classroom a moment ago.(see) 你不可能在操场找到安娜,因为有人看 到她刚才进教室去了。

10. _________________ into the master bedroom I told Hillary we had to buy the house. (instant) 上楼走进主卧室的瞬间,我告诉希拉里说,这房子我 们买定了。

11. In 1991 Ranulph Fiennes published “The Feather Men”, the non-fiction book________________ . (base) 这部影片是以 1991 年兰奴夫?费因斯 发表的小说《羽人》为基础而改编的。

12. I was close to being killed the other day when a car passed me at _________________. (dangerous) 前天,当一辆小车以我认为的危险 速度开过时,我差一点被撞死了。

13. It is not the money _________________ as the fear that the cause is hopeless. (worry) 真正令美国人不安的倒不是钱的问题, 而是对事业无望的恐惧。

14. Hiring an international student is a more complex and often _________________ process to many U.S. employers than hiring an American. (familiar) 对于很多老板来说,聘请国际学生是一个比聘请美国本国学生更复杂、更陌 生的过程。

15. The generation gap ______________ for parents to understand their children’s opinions. (make) 代沟使得父母很难理解孩子们的想法。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 7 1. It is the first time in Olympic history that five mascots_________________ . (choose) 这是奥挪匹克历史上第一次选出了五个吉祥物。

2. _________________ , the poor villagers were rushed to the nearest hospital with the PLA soldiers.(wound) 那些不幸的村民,伤得严重,在解放军战士的帮助下,很快被送往最近的医 院了。

3. The famous film director lost his temple for _________________ so many entertainment reporters and their questions about his private life. (expose) 这位著名的电影导演发脾气了,这是因为面对如此多的娱乐记者以及他们关 于他私人生活的问题。

4. It was demanded from the local residents that the chemical plant _________________ as soon as possible. (move) 当地居民要求那家化 工厂尽快搬走。

5. You see, according to Evolutionary Theory, all matter of life on Earth _________________ all other life in order to survive. (battle) 你知道的,根据进化论,地球上所有的生命为了生存都必须和其他的生命斗 争。

6. With _________________ , I can’t give you a definite answer now. (discuss) 还有一些细节要讨论,我现在还不能给你一个明确的答复。

7. Study and, in general, the pursuit of truth and beauty is a kind of activity in _____ _________________ to remain children all our lives. (permit) 学习,或者更广泛的说,对真理与美的追求,是一种让我们能一辈子当个孩 童的活动。

8. You must remind him of the deadline for applications, _________________ . (forget) 你一定要提醒他申请的截止日期,以免他忘记。

9. Regulations are already in place _________________ school buses in accordance with qualified vehicle types to ensure safety. (purchase) 法规已经颁布,所有学校应该按照合格的车辆类型购买学校巴士,以确保安 全。

10. I think we have to face the challenge of thinking about our lifestyle in terms of __ __________. (eat) 我认为我们必须面对这样的挑战,那就是从食用何种食物的角度反思我们的 生活方式。

11. Never before _________________ who can play tennis as well as Robert. (see) 他从未见过任何人打网球能像罗伯特一样好。

12. It’s not now finding a method, but finding the best one that is effective and safe_________________ . (matter) 现在不是要找个方法,而是找到最 好的,有效又安全的方法最为重要。

13. The difference in thickness and weight from the earlier version makes the iPad 2_________________. (hold) 厚度和重量与先前版本的不同使 iPad 2 手握起来更舒适。

15. _________________ it is today! Shall we go out for a walk? (weather) 今天的天气多好啊,我们出去散步如何? 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 8 1. My daughter doesn’t understand why I have to travel so much and she _________________ about it. (complain) 我女儿不了解我为什么要常 常旅行,总是在抱怨。

2. He squeezed his eyes shut and shook his head sadly, not_________________ . (say) 他紧闭双眼,伤心地摇摇头,一句话也没说。

3. A survey indicates that, on account of the difficulty they have_________________ ,many college students are in favor of running online shops, (find) 一项调查显示,由于很难找到一份满意的工作,许多大学生倾向于在网上开 店。

4. After a heated discussion, the majority of the people present at the meeting suggested that_________________ . (build) 一场热烈的讨论之后,大多数与 会者都提议修建更多的学校。

5. Large quantities of information, as well as timely help_________________ since the organization was built. (offer) 自从这个组织建立以来,它提 供了大量的信息和及时的帮助。

6. Life consists of a series of stages_________________ . (task) 生活由一系列的阶段组成,每个阶段你有不同的任务。

7. It is always_________________ that we realize it is not so important as we expect, (obtain) 我们总是在得到我们想要的东西后,才意识到它们不像我们希望的那么重要。

8. Then _________________ that Dolly had become seriously ill. (disturbing) 然后传来了多莉病重的令人不安的消息. 8. Nowadays young people just can’t live without the Internet;

they depend on it for _________________. (need) 现在的年轻人离开网络就无法生活,不管他们笫要什么信息他们都会通过互 联网来获取。

10. With_________________ , you can enjoy yourself in the Food Festival. (taste) 有如此多的食物品尝,在这次美食节上你可以好好享受一番了。

11. Hardly _________________ it when I heard the news yesterday that more than 100 people were killed in the air crash. (believe) 昨天当我听说有 100 多 人在飞机失事中丧生的消息时,我简直无法相信。

12. Do you know _________________ that your parents chose to settle down in this city? (why) 你知道你父母为什么选择在这座城市定居吗? 13. Jody Williams also worked hard to make _________________ as possible agree not to use landmines. (country) 乔迪?威廉斯还努力使尽可能多的国家 同意不使用地雷。

14. He found that_________________ the heavy traffic and what he could do was to wait patiently. (point) 他发现抱怨这拥堵的交通是没用的,他能做 的只有耐心地等待。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 9 1. These foreign English teachers, to whom I ________________ the other day, have come here from Canada. (introduce) 这些英语外教是从加拿大来 的,前几天我被介绍同他们认识了。

2. Poisoned food does great harm to our health as well as our family members’, eventually________________ of our quality of life. (lead) 有毒食品对我们和我们的家人的健康造成巨大的伤害,最终导致我们的生活 质量下降。

3. Far from________________ , she would make use of every possible chance to show off what she had achieved. (be) 她不是一个谦逊的人,她总是利用每一个可能的机会炫耀自己取得的成绩。

4. It is strongly recommended that the girl ________________ with those boys, because they are addicted to drugs. (break) 强烈建议那女孩和那些男 孩子断绝关系,因为他们都沉迷于毒品。

5. Be careful with the environment you choose, for it will shape you;

Be careful with the friends you choose, for you will________________ . (become) 要小心自己选择的环境,因为它会塑造你;要小心自己选择的朋友,因为你 会变得像他们一样。

6. Your speech was heard by the five judges, ________________ that it was the best one this year. (agree) 那五位评委听了你的演讲,他们都认为这是 今年最好的。

7. Some modern teaching equipment as well as hundreds of computers ________________ the schools in the disaster districts last month. (send) 一些现代化的教学设备还有数百台电脑上个月被送往了灾区学校。

8. The main reasons ________________ are to learn information, communicate with others and have fun. (surf) 青少年上网冲浪的主要原因是:

了解信 息,与人交流,找找乐趣。

9. He has done so much for the poor in his community ________________ him enough. (think) 他为自己所在的社区的穷人做的亊实如此之多,以至 于你怎么评价他都不过分。

10 The teacher was making every effort to clarify ________________ the students. (confuse) 这个老师正全力诠释让学生困惑的地方。

11 Not until we are parents ourselves________________ what our parents did for us, what their lives were like. (understand) 直到我们自己也当父母时,我们才能理解我们的父母为我们付出了什么,他 们的生活是怎么样的。

12 Seated in the studio _____________ , along with his two students, receiving the interview now. (be) 坐在录音棚里的是这位教授和他的两个学生,现正在接受采访。

13 Could you tell me ________________ you found the missing boy. (it) 你能告诉我你究竟是在哪里找到的那个丢失的男孩。

14 If you think ________________as of yourself, you will not be left there alone. (much) 如果你像关心自己那样去关心别人,你就不会被孤零零地留在那儿。

15 Decades of reform and opening-up has made our motherland ________________ now. (what) 几十年的改革开放使得我们祖国发展成为现在的样子了。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 10 1. What a pity! I could have attended the lecture, but I ________________. (catch) 真遗憾,我本可以听到这场报告,但我遇到了交通堵塞。

2. It is impossible for my question________________ in his absence. (answer) 他不在,我的问题就答复不了。

3. There is no sense________________ now. Look forward and everything will be all right. (upset) 你现在为这件事苦恼是没有意义的。向前看,一切都会好起来的。

4. There are many people present at the meeting, ________________ the same school. (belong) 有许多人出席会议,其中三分之二属于同一所学校. 5. The new traffic rules require that drivers without two years’ experience ________________ on the highway. (drive) 新的交通规则要求, 没有两 年驾驶经验的司机不能在高速上驾驶。

6. Every possible means________________ , but nothing can lead us out of our current confusion. (try) 所有可能的途径都已经被尝试了,但没有什么 能带我们走出当前的困惑。

7. He ________________ us the big secret when someone in the back interrupted him. (point) 他正要告诉我们那个大秘密时突然后面有个人打断了他。

8. In the late spring this year, part of China was swept by H7N9 bird flu, ________________ some patients there are still suffering. (effect) 今年暮春时节,H7N9 型禽流感蔓延中国部分地区,而那儿仍有部分病人受其 影响。

9. His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out________________ . (express) 他的写作是如此令人迷惑不解以至于要辨认清楚他正试图表达的内容很困 难。

10 Not until one of my classmates patted me on the shoulder________________ . (come) 直到我的同班同学拍了一下我的肩膀,我才回过神来。

11 ________________ , then, that has made war such an inescapable part of the human experience? (what) 那么是什么使得战争成为我们人类经历中那不可避免的一部分呢? 12 He is such an ill-tempered man that on no condition________________ . (team) 他的脾气太坏了,我绝对不会再和他合作。

13 China is the world’s second largest economy, but China’s economy is ________________ the United States’. (size) 中国目前是世界第二大经 济体,但经济规模仅相当于美国的一半。

14 If even one mistake________________ , you can imagine what kind of damage bad habits can do. (drag) 即使是一个错误都可以拖累你的生活, 你可以想 象一下坏习惯能带来多大的危害。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 11 1. So many nights as you were playing cards ________________, and while you were still in sound sleep, I was already in the office. (bury) 多少个夜晚当你们在打牌的时候我埋头工作;当你们还在呼呼大睡的时候我 已经在办室里了。

2. It is an indisputable fact that there is a left shift in LuXun’s later thoughts, ________________ becomes a focus of our research. (cause) 鲁迅后期思想向左转向是不争的事实,他的想法的原因是人们关注的话题. 3. People’s awareness of wildlife protection should be raised and only with the participation of the whole of softer ________________. (survive) 人们保护野生动物的意识应该要提高,并且也只有整个社会的参与我们的野 生动物才能够生存下去。

4. A lot of people often forget that oral exams ________________ our communicative ability. (design) 很多人常常忘记口语考试是被设计来 测试我们的交际能力的。

5. Please inform all that the meeting due ________________ at 8 o’clock tomorrow morning has been put off for some reason. (hold) 原定明天上午八点举 行的会议因故推迟,请大家相互转告。

6. It is high time that ________________ the disagreement and focus on the subject. (set) 双方是时候把分歧放到一边,专注到这个主题上来。

7. No matter what he say now I do believe that he as well as I ________________ it. (be)不管他现在说什么,我坚持认为:不但是我,他对这件事是有责任的。

8 Qian Xueshen went to California from 1935 to 1955, ________________ the research into jet planes. (concentrate) 钱学森在 1935 到 1955 年去了华盛顿,在那段时期他专心于喷气式飞机的研 究。

9. Stop dreaming up getting ________________ and get down to your work. (belong) 不要幻想得到不属于你的东西,赶紧开始干活吧。

10 Who ________________ went to the concert with you yesterday? (it) 到底是谁昨天跟你一起去的听音乐会? 11. Under no circumstances________________ unpleasant comments at your competitor’s blog or at the blog of the company that did not hire you. (leave) 在任何情况下,你都不应该在你对手的博客里留下恶意评论,或者在那家没 有聘用你的公司的博客里留恶言。

12 The living room of the house is ________________ of the bedroom, which suits the family pretty well. (double) 这个房子的起居室是卧室长度的两倍, 这很合家庭成员的意。

13 After years of hard work, you may ________________ that he can fulfil the task. (depend) 经过多年的努力工作后,你可以相信他能够完成这个任务。

14 He firmly argued that at no time ________________________________ as the only means of stimulating pupils to pursue knowledge. (regard) 他坚定的表明他们从来没有把考试看是激励学生学习知识的唯一手段。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 1 1. If you can win the game today, you will be allowed to go on a holiday next month. (allow) 如果今天你赢了这场比赛,下个月就允许你去度假。

2. Fully convinced of the accuracy of the data, they stuck to their opinion. (convince) 深信数据准确无误,他们坚持自己的意见。

3. Listening more can also help improve your oral English. (listen) 多听也有助于你提高英语口语水平。

4. If I hadn’t drunk alcohol last night, I could have driven my car home. (drink) 如果我昨晚没有喝酒,我就能自己开车回家了。

5. After graduating from university, he could have worked in Wuhan, but he chose to teach in a school of a mountain village. (work) 大学毕业后,他本可以在 武汉工作,但他选择了在一所山村学校教书。

6. The student (that/who was) referred to is looking forward to going abroad for further study. (refer) 所提到的那个学生渴望去国外进修。

7. She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction of which had a history of more than three hundred years. (have) 她带领游客在博物馆四处 参观,其建设已有 300 多年的历史。

8. If you are unhappy with anything you have bought from us, we will gladly exchange your purchase, or give your money back, whichever you prefer / no matter which (way) you prefer. (prefer) 若您对从我们这买到的任何商品不满意,我们将乐意为您更换或退款,您愿 意哪种都行。

9. What experts are worried about / What worries the experts is that the H7N9 spreads more easily to people than similar viruses. (worry) 令专家们担 忧的是 H7N9 比其他同类病毒更容易传播给人。

9. So loudly did he speak that even the people in the next room could hear him. (speak) 他说话的声音很大,连隔壁屋子里的人都听得见。

10. It was at 8:02 on April 20, 2013 in Ya’an that people suffered from a strong earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale. (suffer) 就在 2013 年 4 月 20 日早晨 8:02 雅安人民遭到 7 级地震灾害。

11. According to statistics, a man is twice as likely to die of skin cancer as a woman. (likely) 根据一项调查,男性死于皮肤癌的可能性是女性的两倍。

12. Work hard and you will be admitted into a key university. (work) 好好学习,你会被重点大学录取的。

13. Lower educational levels make it difficult for women to find jobs. (find) 较低的教育水平使女性很难找到工作。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTNCES 2 1. By the time she comes here tomorrow, we will have left. (leave) 她明天来到这里之前,我们已经离开了。

2. Criticism can even negatively influence one’s life if not coped with properly. (cope) 如果不能正确应对,批评甚至会对人的一生产生负面影响。

3. Don’t be too hard on yourself. Being content with what you have is the key to happiness. (content) 不要对自己太苛刻,满足于你所拥有的是幸福的关键。

4. If I had known I would meet such a big trouble, I might not live here now. (know) 如果我早知道我会遇到这么大的麻烦,我可能现在就不会住在这里了。

5. Such sort of mistakes could have been avoided if you had checked your paper word by word. (avoid) 如果你逐字检查你的试卷,这种错误本来是可以避 免的。

6. Have you got ready for the coming job interview which/that will be given / to be given by KFC next week? (give) 你为下周 KFC 举行的求职面试作好 了准备吗? 7. However reluctant / unwilling you may feel about the party, you might as well turn up to show your respect to the host. (feel) 不论你对那个聚会感到多么不情愿,你最好还是露个面以示你对主人的尊重。

8. What impressed me most was that the factory has very strict rules. (impress) 给我印象最深的是这家工厂有非常严格的规定。

9. Mark is always diligent in his studies because he firmly believes that hard work is fundamental to success. (fundamental) 马克是勤奋学习, 因为他坚信努 力是成功的基础。

10. We climbed up the mountain ridge from where we had / enjoyed fantastic views of the valley below. (fantastic) 我们爬上了山脊,从那看到了下面山谷 奇妙的景色。

11. So fascinated was the boy by the magician that he held his breath. (fascinate) 男孩如此为魔术师着迷以至于屏住了呼吸。

12. It is not how much we do but how much love we put into what we do that benefits our work most. (benefit) 让我们的工作最受益的不是我们做 多少,而是我们有多么热爱自己所做的事。

13. After the new equipment was introduced, our company produced twice as many machines in 2012 as the year before. (twice) 在新的设备引进后,我们公司在 2012 年生产了和前年数量相比两倍的机器。

14. Read over and over until you feel that everything sounds right and you are comfortable with speaking. (over) 反复读, 一直读到你觉得一切听起来 都是完全适合的,你就会有舒适的发言。

15. When she heard her mother’s steps on the stairs, she pretended to be writing her composition. (write) 听到妈妈上楼梯的脚步声,她假装在写作文。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 3 1. All students in rural Chinese primary and junior middle schools will be provided with a free Xinhua Dictionary. (provide) 所有中国农村的中小学生都将被 免费提供一本新华字典。

2. With so many audience lost in the music in the live show, the program “I am a singer” enjoys great popularity. (lose) 在现场很多观众沉浸在音乐中 “我是 歌手”节目很受欢迎。

3. It has been confirmed by scientific experiment that eating more vegetables / eating as many vegetables as possible in childhood helps to protect you against serious illness in later life. (eat) 科学实验已证实:孩提时代多吃蔬菜能够帮助你抵御日后的严重疾病。

4. We would have called a taxi yesterday if Harold hadn’t/had not offered us a ride home. (offer) 昨天如果哈罗德不搭载我们回家,我们就得打的回家 了。

5. Mrs. Bathurst might have been persuaded to leave New Zealand by the hope of marriage or alternatively by loneliness. ( persuade) Mrs. Bathurst 很可能巳经被说服离开新西兰,要么是想结婚,要么是因为太寂 寞。

6. The stone bridge (which/that is) being rebuilt will make a much greater difference to the life of the people in the earthquake stricken area. (rebuild) 正在重修中的石桥将为地震灾区的人们生活带来极大的便利。

7. The thought that they could cross the whole continent was very exciting. (cross) 他们可以横穿整个大陆的想法很是令人兴奋。

8. Whenever / No matter when I approached him,he always tried to avoid me, pretending not to have seen me at all. (approach) 不管什么时候我接近 他,他总试图躲避,假装根本就没看见我。

9. “What we found interesting was just how often people were using their mobile phones.” Dr Daniel Kruger, the study’s co-author, said. (find) 丹尼尔克鲁格博士是本次研究的共同作者,他说:

“我们发现有趣的是人们如 此频繁地使用手机” 。

10. So convinced was I of the woman’s being her mother that I wanted no evidence to establish the fact in my mind. (convince) 我深信不疑这位妇女是她 母亲,以致我不想找任何证据来证明这一点。

11. I don’t think it is wise of her to show off wealth everywhere. (wise) 她到处炫富,我认为这不明智。

12. The earthquake that happened in Ya’an Sichuan in April is reported to have resulted in the death of nearly 200 people. (result) 据报道,上四月发生 四川雅安地震已导致接近两百人丧生。

13. It is known to all that it is the hardships not the fun that bring out the best qualities in a person. (bring) 众所周知,是困难而不是享乐能够使一个 人最好的品质显露出来。

14. That women use twice as many words / That words used by women are twice as many / Women’s using twice as many words as men has been proved by a study. (word) 女性用的词汇是男性的两倍,这已经得到了一个研究的证实。

15. Calm down for a while, and you will simplify the complicated problems very soon. (simplify) 冷静片刻你就会化繁为简了。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 4 1. By the time housewives returned fully loaded from Wal-Mart, they had run out of all the year-end bonus. (run) 当主妇们从沃尔玛满载而归时, 她们已经 用完了所有的年终奖金。

2. With a government health warning attached to cigarette packets, smokers have to think twice when they are to light a cigarette. (attach) 烟盒上附着政府的健康警告,抽烟者在他们即将点燃一支烟时不得不三思。

3. If you do that, you will be on your way to becoming the next Steve Jobs or Bill Gates. (become) 如果你能那样做,你就即将会成为下一个史蒂夫乔布斯或者比尔盖茨。

4. Had local leaders had enough vision and showed respect for cultural heritage, many more sites of historical interest would still stand now. (stand) 如果当地的领导有足够的远见并且尊重文化遗产,更多的历史古迹至今仍会 存在。

5. There existing some major faults in the machine, we had no choice but to redesign it. (exist) 机器存在一些大故障,我们不得不重新设计。

6. He was conscious of the fact that she didn’t approve of what he was doing. (approve) 他意识到她不赞成他正在做的事。

7. Charles couldn’t have been cleaning then as I met him in the supermarket five minutes ago. (clean) 查理那时不可能在清理房间,因为我五分钟前才在超市碰到他。

8. I have the opportunity to develop close friendship with him, which I’ll value forever. (value) 我有机会与他建立密切的友谊,对此我将永远珍惜。

9. As a policeman I find where there is violence, drugs are always behind it. (violence) 作为一名警察我发现,哪里有暴力,后面总是有毒品。

10. During a conversation, what matters most is not what we say, but how we say it. (matter) 在交谈中,最重要的不是我们说什么,而是我们怎么说。

11. Only by balancing our diet can we keep our body functioning well. (keep) 只有通过均衡我们的饮食,我们才能保持身体正常运行。

12. It was not until she (had) arrived home that she remembered the appointment with her doctor. (arrive) 直到她回到家才想起了和医生的预约。

13. A person with a severe mental health problem is four times more likely to have no close friends than the average. (likely) 有着严重心理疾病的人找不 到知心朋友的可能性是普通人的四倍。

14. It occurred to me that I had left the door unlocked. (occur) 我突然想起来忘了锁门了。

15. The old wooden armchair looks rather unusual in shape, but it is very comfortable to sit on/in. (sit) 这把木质旧椅子形状看上去有些奇怪,但坐上去却很舒服。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 5 1. Importunately he didn’t win this year. It was the second time that he had been nominated but gone home empty-handed. (nominate) 可惜他今年没得奖。

这是他第二次被提名但是空手而回了。

2. Having been ignored for years, the house designed by an Italian architect finally collapsed. (ignore) 由于多年来的忽视,这个意大利建筑师设计的房子最 终崩塌了。

3. With his dream coming true, his family continues to support him in every way. (come) 他的梦想实现了,但他的家庭继续在各个方面支持他. 4. A celebrity is a person who works hard all his life to become well known, then wears dark glasses to avoid being recognized. (recognize) 明星努力工 作只为出名,然后又戴着墨镜以免被人认出。

5. Kobe Bryant was hurt attempting a game-tying jumper on the baseline;

otherwise, he would have participated in the match. (participate) 科比因跳跃抢球落 地不稳而受伤,不然,他就参加比赛了。

6. The audience must have missed their musical performance, or they would have spoken highly of it. (miss) 这些观众一定错过了他们的音乐演出, 要不 然他们会高度赞扬这个演出的。

7. This is the most instructive film (that) I have ever seen since I could remember. (see) 这是我懂事以来看过的最有教育意义的电影了。

8. I had hardly got to the office when my wife phoned me to go back home at once. (phone) 我一到达办公室,我的妻子就给我打电话要我立即回家。

9. It is reported that where the virus came has been discovered by the scientist. (come) 据报道,病毒在哪里起源已经被科学家发现。

10. Only by presenting facts and reasoning things out can we be convinced. (convince) 只有通过摆事实讲道理才能让我们服气。

11. It was not until I came here that I came to realize this place was famous for not only its beauty but also its weather. (come) 是直到我来到这儿,我才意识到这个地方不仅以美丽闻名,而且以天气闻名。

12. We rushed to the football court, only to see a sign on which “was written “Periodic Maintenance”. (see) 我们冲进足球场, 结果只看见球场上一块牌子 上写着“定期维修” 。

13. You can buy the handbag online with one third less money/money less than the market price. (than) 你可以在网上买这款手袋,价钱比市场价少三分之一。

14. Having decided to study abroad, I still have no idea which major I should/am supposed to decide on. (decide) 尽管已经决定要出国留学,我不知道 应该选哪个专业。

15. When it comes to diet and exercise, we know what to do, but we don’t do what we know. (come) 当提到饮食和运动的时候,我们知道怎么去做,但是我们不会按照我们知道 的去做。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 6 1. They had been carrying out the plan for almost one week before I joined them, and now we are still working on it as no good results have, come out so far. (carry) 在我加入前,他们一直执行这个计划有一个学期了。我们现在仍然在继续进 行,因为到目 前为止还没有好的结果产生。

2. Fairly terrified of being washed away, James was struggling to grab the edge of the boat. (terrify) 詹姆斯非常害怕被冲走,他正奋力地抓着船舷。

3. China recently tightened its waters controls near the Huangyan Island to prevent Chinese fishing boats (from) being attacked in the South China Sea. (attack) 最近中国加紧了对黄岩岛水域的控制,以阻止在南海的中国渔船被攻击。

5. Luckily a large company agreed to sponsor us, without which our work would have stopped. (stop) 幸亏—家大公司同意赞,否则我们的工作就会停止了。

5. Tom decided that anybody who stole his phone wouldn’t / couldn’t be so foolish as to use it right in front of him. (foolish) 汤姆觉得不管是谁偷了他的手机都 不会愚蠢到在他的面前使用它。

6. Modern science has given clear evidence that smoking can give rise to many diseases. (give) 现代科技已经给出明确证据:抽烟能导致许多疾病。

7. Never again will I eat in the fast food restaurant where poisonous oil is used. (eat) 我再也不到那家快餐店吃东西了,那里用有毒的油。

8. The murderer was brought in, with his hands tied behind his back. (tie) 这个凶手被带了进来,双手绑在背后。

9. You can’t find Anna on the playground, for she was seen to enter/to go into the classroom a moment ago.(see) 你不可能在操场找到安娜,因为有人看到 她刚才进教室去了。

10. The instant I walked / went upstairs into the master bedroom I told Hillary we had to buy the house. (instant) 上楼走进主卧室的瞬间,我告诉希拉里 说,这房子我们买定了。

11. In 1991 Ranulph Fiennes published “The Feather Men”, the non-fiction book on which the film is based. (base) 这部影片是以 1991 年兰奴夫?费因斯发 表的小说《羽人》为基础而改编的。

12. I was close to being killed the other day when a car passed me at what I thought (was) a dangerous speed. (dangerous) 前天, 当一辆小车以我认为的危险速 度开过时,我差一点被撞死了。

13. It is not the money that worries Americans so/ as much as the fear that the cause is hopeless. (worry) 真正令美国人不安的不是钱的问题, 而是对事业 遥遥无望的恐惧。

14. Hiring an international student is a more complex and often less familiar process to many U.S. employers than hiring an American. (familiar) 对于很多老板来说,聘请国际学生是一个比聘请美国本国学生更复杂、更陌 生的过程。

15. The generation gap makes it difficult for parents to understand their children’s opinions. (make) 代沟使得父母很难理解孩子们的想法。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 7 1. It is the first time in Olympic history that five mascots have been chosen. (choose) 这是奥挪匹克历史上第一次选出了五个吉祥物。

2. Badly wounded / Having been badly wounded / Being badly wounded, the poor villagers were rushed to the nearest hospital with the PLA soldiers.(wound) 那些不幸的村民,伤得严重,在解放军战士的帮助下,很快被送往最近的医 院了。

3. The famous film director lost his temple for being exposed to so many entertainment reporters and their questions about his private life. (expose) 这位著名的电影导演发脾气了,这是因为暴露在如此多的娱乐记者面前以及 他们关于他私人生活的问题。

4. It was demanded from the local residents that the chemical plant (should) be moved as soon as possible. (move) 当地居民要求那家化工厂尽快搬 走。

5. You see, according to Evolutionary Theory, all matter of life on Earth has to battle with all other life in order to survive. (battle) 你知道的,根据进化论,地球上所有的生命为了生存都必须和其他的生命斗 争。

6. With some details to discuss, I can’t give you a definite answer now. (discuss) 还有一些细节要讨论,我现在还不能给你一个明确的答复。

7. Study and, in general, the pursuit of truth and beauty is a kind of activity in which we are permitted to remain children all our lives. (permit) 学习,或者更广泛的说,对真理与美的追求,是一种让我们能一辈子当个孩 童的活动。

8. You must remind him of the deadline for applications, in case he forgets. (forget) 你一定要提醒他申请的截止日期,以免他忘记。

9. Regulations are already in place that all schools should purchase school buses in accordance with qualified vehicle types to ensure safety. (purchase) 法规已经颁布,所有学校应该按照合格的车辆类型购买学校巴士,以确保安 全。

10. I think we have to face the challenge of thinking about our lifestyle in terms of what we eat. (eat) 我认为我们必须面对这样的挑战,那就是从食用何种食物的角度反思我们的 生活方式。

11. Never before has she seen anybody/anyone who can play tennis as well as Robert. (see) 他从未见过任何人打网球能像罗伯特一样好。

12. It’s not now finding a method, but finding the best one that is effective and safe that matters (the) most. (matter) 现在不是要找个方法,而是找到最好 的,有效又安全的方法最为重要。

13. The difference in thickness and weight from the earlier version makes the iPad 2 more comfortable to hold. (hold) 厚度和重量与先前版本的不同使 iPad 2 手握起来更舒适。

15. What nice/fine weather it is today! Shall we go out for a walk? (weather) 今天的天气多好啊,我们出去散步如何? 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 8 1. My daughter doesn’t understand why I have to travel so much and she is always complaining about it. (complain) 我女儿不了解我为什么要常常旅行, 总是在抱怨。

2. He squeezed his eyes shut and shook his head sadly, not saying a word. (say) 他紧闭双眼,伤心地摇摇头,一句话也没说。

3. A survey indicates that, on account of the difficulty they have (in) finding a satisfying job,many college students are in favor of running online shops, (find) 一项调查显示,由于很难找到一份满意的工作,许多大学生倾向于在网上开 店。

4. After a heated discussion, the majority of the people present at the meeting suggested that more schools (should) be built. (build) 一场热烈的讨论 之后,大多数与会者都提议修建更多的学校。

5. Large quantities of information, as well as timely help have been offered since the organization was built. (offer) 自从这个组织建立以来,它提供了大量 的信息和及时的帮助。

6. Life consists of a series of stages in which/where you have/are faced with/face different tasks. (task) 生活由一系列的阶段组成, 每个阶段你有不同的 任务。

7. It is always after we obtain/have obtained what we want/desire/get/hope for that we realize it is not so important as we expect, (obtain) 我们总是在得到我们想要的东西后,才意识到它们不像我们希望的那么重要。

8. Then came the disturbing news that Dolly had become seriously ill. (disturbing) 然后传来了多莉病重的令人不安的消息. 9. Nowadays young people just can’t live without the Internet;

they depend on it for whatever information they need. (need) 现在的年轻人离开网络就无法生活,不管他们笫要什么信息他们都会通过互 联网来获取。

10. With so much food to taste, you can enjoy yourself in the Food Festival. (taste) 有如此多的食物品尝,在这次美食节上你可以好好享受一番了。

11. Hardly could I believe it when I heard the news yesterday that more than 100 people were killed in the air crash. (believe) 昨天当我听说有 100 多人 在飞机失事中丧生的消息时,我简直无法相信。

12. Do you know why it was that your parents chose to settle down in this city? (why) 你知道你父母为什么选择在这座城市定居吗? 13. Jody Williams also worked hard to make as many countries as possible agree not to use landmines. (country) 乔迪?威廉斯还努力使尽可能多的国家同 意不使用地雷。

14. He found that there was no point (in) complaining about the heavy traffic and what he could do was to wait patiently. (point) 他发现抱怨这拥堵的交 通是没用的,他能做的只有耐心地等待。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 9 1. These foreign English teachers, to whom I was introduced the other day, have come here from Canada. (introduce) 这些英语外教是从加拿大来的, 前 几天我被介绍同他们认识了。

2. Poisoned food does great harm to our health as well as our family members’, eventually leading to the decrease/decline/falling of our quality of life. (lead) 有毒食品对我们和我们的家人的健康造成巨大的伤害,最终导致我们的生活 质量下降。

3. Far from being modest / being a modest person, she would make use of every possible chance to show off what she had achieved. (be) 她不是一个谦逊的人,她总是利用每一个可能的机会炫耀自己取得的成绩。

4. It is strongly recommended that the girl (should) break up with those boys, because they are addicted to drugs. (break) 强烈建议那女孩和那些男 孩子断绝关系,因为他们都沉迷于毒品。

5. Be careful with the environment you choose, for it will shape you;

Be careful with the friends you choose, for you will become like them. (become) 要小心自己选择的环境,因为它会塑造你;要小心自己选择的朋友,因为你 会变得像他们一样。

6. Your speech was heard by the five judges, all of whom agreed that it was the best one this year. (agree) 那五位评委听了你的演讲, 他们都认为这是今年 最好的。

7. Some modern teaching equipment as well as hundreds of computers was sent to the schools in the disaster districts last month. (send) 一些现代化的教学设备还有数百台电脑上个月被送往了灾区学校。

8. The main reasons why/for which teenagers surf the web are to learn information, communicate with others and have fun. (surf) 青少年上网冲浪的主要 原因是:了解信息,与人交流,找找乐趣。

9. He has done so much for the poor in his community that you can’t think highly of him enough. (think) 他为自己所在的社区的穷人做的亊实如此之多, 以至于你怎么评价他都不过分。

10 The teacher was making every effort to clarify what confused the students. (confuse) 这个老师正全力诠释让学生困惑的地方。

11 Not until we are parents ourselves can/will we understand what our parents did for us, what their lives were like. (understand) 直到我们自己也当父母时,我们才能理解我们的父母为我们付出了什么,他 们的生活是怎么样的。

12 Seated in the studio is the professor, along with his two students, receiving the interview now. (be) 坐在录音棚里的是这位教授和他的两个学生,现正在接受采访。

13 Could you tell me where it was that you found the missing boy. (it) 你能告诉我你究竟是在哪里找到的那个丢失的男孩。

14 If you think as much of others as of yourself, you will not be left there alone. (much) 如果你像关心自己那样去关心别人,你就不会被孤零零地留在那儿。

15 Decades of reform and opening-up has made our motherland what she/it is now. (what) 几十年的改革开放使得我们祖国发展成为现在的样子了。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 10 1. What a pity! I could have attended the lecture, but I got/was caught in the traffic jams. (catch) 真遗憾,我本可以听到这场报告,但我遇到了交通堵塞。

2. It is impossible for my question to be answered in his absence. (answer) 他不在,我的问题就答复不了。

3. There is no sense (in) getting/feeling/being upset about it / upsetting yourself about it now. Look forward and everything will be all right. (upset) 你现在为这件事苦恼是没有意义的。向前看,一切都会好起来的。

4. There are many people present at the meeting, two thirds of whom belong to the same school. (belong) 有许多人出席会议,其中三分之二属于同一所 学校. 5. e new traffic rules require that drivers without two years’ experience (should) not drive on the highway. (drive) 新的交通规则要求,没有两年驾驶经验 的司机不能在高速上驾驶。

6. Every possible means has (already) been tried (out), but nothing can lead us out of our current confusion. (try) 所有可能的途径都已经被尝试了,但没有 什么能带我们走出当前的困惑。

7. He was on the point of telling us the big secret when someone in the back interrupted him. (point) 他正要告诉我们那个大秘密时突然后面有个人打断了他。

8. In the late spring this year, part of China was swept by H7N9 bird flu, from whose effect(s) some patients there are still suffering. (effect) 今年暮春时节,H7N9 型禽流感蔓延中国部分地区,而那儿仍有部分病人受其 影响。

9. His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out what he is trying to express. (express) 他的写作是如此令人迷惑不解以至于要辨认清楚他正试图表达的内容很困 难。

10 Not until one of my classmates patted me on the shoulder did I come to (myself). (come) 直到我的同班同学拍了一下我的肩膀,我才回过神来。

11 What is it, then, that has made war such an inescapable part of the human experience? (what) 那么是什么使得战争成为我们人类经历中那不可避免的一部分呢? 12 He is such an ill-tempered man that on no condition will I team up with him. (team) 他的脾气太坏了,我绝对不会再和他合作。

13 China is the world’s second largest economy, but China’s economy is only half the size of the United States’. (size) 中国目前是世界第二大经济体,但 经济规模仅相当于美国的一半。

14 If even one mistake can drag your life down, you can imagine what kind of damage bad habits can do. (drag) 即使是一个错误都可以拖累你的生 活,你可以想象一下坏习惯能带来多大的危害。 2014 完成句子(2013 真题练习)COMPLETE THE SENTENCES 11 1. So many nights as you were playing cards I buried myself / was buried in work, and while you were still in sound sleep, I was already in the office. (bury) 多少个夜晚当你们在打牌的时候我埋头工作;当你们还在呼呼大睡的时候我 已经在办室里了。

2. It is an indisputable fact that there is a left shift in LuXun’s later thoughts, the cause of which becomes a focus of our research. (cause) 鲁迅后期思想向左转向是不争的事实,他的想法的原因是人们关注的话题. 3. People’s awareness of wildlife protection should be raised and only with the participation of the whole of softer will our wildlife be able to survive / can our wildlife survive. (survive) 人们保护野生动物的意识应该要提高, 并且也只有整个社会的参与我们的野生动 物才能够生存下去。

4. A lot of people often forget that oral exams are designed to test our communicative ability. (design) 很多人常常忘记口语考试是被设计来 测试我们的交际能力的。

5. Please inform all that the meeting due to be held at 8 o’clock tomorrow morning has been put off for some reason. (hold) 原定明天上午八点举行的会议 因故推迟,请大家相互转告。

6. It is high time that both sides should set aside the disagreement and focus on the subject. (set) 双方是时候把分歧放到一边,专注到这个主题上来。

7. No matter what he say now I do believe that he as well as I is responsible for it. (be) 不管他现在说什么,我坚持认为:不但是我,他对这件事是有责任的。

8 Qian Xueshen went to California from 1935 to 1955, during which period he concentrated on the research into jet planes. (concentrate) 钱学森在 1935 到 1955 年去了华盛顿,在那段时期他专心于喷气式飞机的研 究。

9. Stop dreaming up getting what doesn’t belong to you and get down to your work. (belong) 不要幻想得到不属于你的东西,赶紧开始干活吧。

10 Who was it that went to the concert with you yesterday? (it) 到底是谁昨天跟你一起去的听音乐会? 11. Under no circumstances should you leave unpleasant comments at your competitor’s blog or at the blog of the company that did not hire you. (leave) 在任何情况下,你都不应该在你对手的博客里留下恶意评论,或者在那家没 有聘用你的公司的博客里留恶言。

12 The living room of the house is double the length of the bedroom, which suits the family pretty well. (double) 这个房子的起居室是卧室长度的两倍,这 很合家庭成员的意。

13 After years of hard work, you may depend on it that he can fulfil the task. (depend) 经过多年的努力工作后,你可以相信他能够完成这个任务。

14 He firmly argued that at no time did they regard examination(s) / had they regarded examination(exams) as the only means of stimulating pupils to pursue knowledge. (regard) 他坚定的表明他们从来没有把考试看是激励学生学习知识的唯一手段。